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Challenging situations, self-reported driving habits and capacity among older drivers (70+) in Sweden: a questionnaire study
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3856-5421
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1577-8793
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2301-5793
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Utmanande situationer, självrapporterade körvanor och förmågor bland äldre bilförare (70+) i Sverige : en enkätundersökning (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the survey study in Sweden was to investigate health issues, driving habits and use of a car. The researchers were also interested in which traffic situations were judged as difficult or dangerous, avoidance strategies adopted for such situations, type of car used, equipment (ADAS systems) and its frequency of use. Respondents were asked to report any accidents in the previous two years, and to self-estimate their cognitive functioning and driving ability. Target population: Persons born in 1941 or earlier (aged 70 years or more in the year 2011), living in the county of Västra Götaland in Sweden, holder of a driving licence for category B, passenger car and still driving. This resulted in a target group comprising 1,362 active drivers. The overall picture of an older driver emerging from this study is one who enjoys car driving, uses the car often and is not particularly occupied by thoughts about stopping driving. Possible bias in this picture of older drivers may be due to the fact that those most interested in car driving were also those most interested in the study and thus in answering the questionnaire. There are several “truths” about older drivers reported in the literature that are questionable in the light of the present study. It is sometimes said that older people drive old cars, but this phenomenon is not supported by the questionnaire data in our study. The changes in driving behaviour often attributed to ageing drivers, e.g. driving more slowly, less frequently and over shorter distances, are applicable in the case of about one-third of the drivers in the present study. Analyses of this study confirm that health status is not the only reason someone stops driving; being less confident/apprehensive in the context of car driving may result in driving cessation. Findings indicate that preventive action, such as retraining sessions or developing driver assistance systems, will have to be taken into account if the risk associated with certain situations is to be reduced.

Abstract [sv]

Många äldre slutar att köra bil för att de blir mer ängsliga i samband med bilkörning. Att införa förebyggande åtgärder, till exempel fortbildningskurser eller utveckling av förarstödssystem, kan vara en lösning enligt detta notat. Forskare på VTI har genomfört en enkätundersökning för att undersöka äldre förares hälsotillstånd, körvanor och användning av bil samt trafiksituationer som av äldre bedöms som svåra eller farliga samt strategier för att undvika sådana situationer. Dessutom innehöll enkäten frågor om vilken typ av bil den svarande använder, vilka hjälpsystem bilen har och hur mycket dessa används av föraren. De svarande ombads också rapportera alla olyckor de varit inblandade i under de senaste två åren och att själv bedöma sin kognitiva funktion och körförmåga. Målgruppen var personer födda 1941 eller tidigare, bosatta i Västra Götalands län, innehavare av B-körkort och fortfarande kör bil. Enkätsvar från 1 362 aktiva förare analyserades. Enligt de uppgivna årsmodellerna på bilarna som körs, kör äldre i denna studie lika gamla/nya personbilar som förare generellt i Sverige. De förändringar av körbeteenden som ofta tillskrivs åldrande förare, till exempel att de kör långsammare, mer sällan och kortare sträckor, gäller för ungefär en tredjedel av respondenterna. Flera typiska könsskillnader existerar fortfarande.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2014.
VTI notat, 9A-2014
Keyword [en]
Old people, Driver, Behaviour, Skill (road user), Risk, Questionnaire, Self criticism
National Category
Social Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6887OAI: diva2:715195
Available from: 2014-05-01 Created: 2014-05-01 Last updated: 2016-03-07Bibliographically approved

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