Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Physical activity in subjects with multiple sclerosis with focus on gender differences: a survey
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory Medicine and Allergology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
2014 (English)In: BMC Neurology, ISSN 1471-2377, Vol. 14, 47- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: There is increasing research that examines gender-issues in multiple sclerosis (MS), but little focus has been placed on gender-issues regarding physical activity. The aim of the present study was to describe levels of physical activity, self-efficacy for physical activity, fall-related self-efficacy, social support for physical activity, fatigue levels and the impact of MS on daily life, in addition to investigating gender differences. Methods: The sample for this cross-sectional cohort study consisted of 287 (84 men; 29.3%) adults with MS recruited from the Swedish Multiple Sclerosis Registry. A questionnaire was sent to the subjects consisting of the self-administrated measurements: Physical Activity Disability Survey - Revised, Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, Falls-Efficacy Scale (Swedish version), Social Influences on Physical Activity, Fatigue Severity Scale and Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale. Response rate was 58.2%. Results: Men were less physically active, had lower self-efficacy for physical activity and lower fall-related self-efficacy than women. This was explained by men being more physically affected by the disease. Men also received less social support for physical activity from family members. The level of fatigue and psychological consequences of the disease were similar between the genders in the total sample, but subgroups of women with moderate MS and relapsing remitting MS experienced more fatigue than men. Conclusions: Men were less physically active, probably a result of being more physically affected by the disease. Men being more physically affected explained most of the gender differences found in this study. However, the number of men in the subgroup analyses was small and more research is needed. A gender perspective should be considered in strategies for promoting physical activity in subjects with MS, e. g. men may need more support to be physically active.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 14, 47- p.
Keyword [en]
Multiple sclerosis, Gender, Physical activity, Self-efficacy, Fatigue, Social support
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223532DOI: 10.1186/1471-2377-14-47ISI: 000332640600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-223532DiVA: diva2:713904
Available from: 2014-04-24 Created: 2014-04-22 Last updated: 2014-04-24Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(263 kB)103 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 263 kBChecksum SHA-512
73ff399b83fcf5de4785b476bcdf52500234585e5d130b741fbabd33cfd12a2686c0d83af618a023ba0b28ba9afab83b8c5b52dac81d8131912d14c91b7ec6e4
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Anens, ElisabethEmtner, MargaretaZetterberg, LenaHellström, Karin
By organisation
PhysiotheraphyRespiratory Medicine and Allergology
In the same journal
BMC Neurology
Neurosciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 103 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 467 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link