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Vellykket livsstilsendring handler om utvikling av motivasjon, ferdigheter og evne til selvregulering.
Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
2012 (Norwegian)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesisAlternative title
Positive lifestyle change achieved through motivation, new skills, and self-regulation. (English)
Abstract [no]

Bakgrunn: Forekomsten av overvekt og fedme er økende i de nordiske landene og iverden forøvrig. Utviklingen er bekymringsfull fordi den bringer med seg uhelse og alvorlig sykdom. Ulike virkemidler er tatt i bruk for å løse problemene forårsaket av overvekt og inaktivitet. Samtidig prøver man å påvirke til endret helseatferd. Det er behov for å utvide kunnskapen om hva som i denne sammenheng er effektive strategier.

Hensikt: Studiens hensikt er med kvalitativ metodikk å studere hvordan personer som har lykkes med å endre livsstilsvaner, opplevde og håndterte endringsprosessen.

Metode: 14 personer, derav åtte menn, i alderen 23 til 68 år er intervjuet individuelt. Modifisert versjon av Grounded Therory er brukt som metode i innsamling av data og i analyseprosessen.

Resultat: Studien viser at deltakernes vellykkede livsstilsendring har forløpt gjennom en rekke sosiale prosesser som kan beskrives ut fra tre hovedkonsepter som her er samlet i følgende kategorier; Motiverer til endring, danner nye vaner og håndterer seg selv. Det som kjennetegner endringsprosessen i sin helhet er hvordan hovedpersonene har utviklet større grad av kontroll og håndterbarhet i egne liv.

Konklusjon: Vellykket livsstilsendring er en psykologisk empowermentprosess med vekt på prosesser omkring selvregulering, motivering, psykisk uhelse og det å danne nye vane

Abstract [en]

The incidence of overweight and obesity is steadily increasing in the Nordic countries and the entire world. This trend is a cause for concern because obesity links directly to many several illnesses, some life-threatening. Various methods have been developed in an effort to manage problems associated with obesity and inactivity. These methods also try to initiate positive lifestyle changes. However, it is necessary to broaden the knowledge base regarding the effectiveness of these strategies.

Aim: This study aimed to use qualitative methodology to assess people who have succeeded in making positive lifestyle changes, documenting their experiences and learning how they adapted during the change process.

Methodology: A group of 14 people consisting of eight men and six women, all between the ages of 23 and 68 years, were individually interviewed using a modified version of Grounded Theory to collect and analyze the data.

Results: The study shows that the participants' positive lifestyle changes have gone through a variety of social processes. These processes comprised three main categories: motivation to change, development of new habits, and self-management. A defining factor in the change process of each candidate was how well that individual developed a greater degree of self-control and management of their own lives.

Conclusion: Successful lifestyle change is a psychological empowerment process that emphasizes self-regulation, motivation, mental disorders, and the development of new habits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 49 p.
Series
Master of Public Health, MPH, ISSN 1104-5701 ; MPH 2012:11
Keyword [en]
Behavior Change, Obesity, Interventions, Lifestyle, Treatmen
Keyword [no]
atferdsendring, overvekt, intervensjoner, livsstil, behandling
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3075OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3075DiVA: diva2:713660
Presentation
2012-09-14, Nordic School of Public Health NHV, Box 12133, 40242 Göteborg, Sverige, 00:00 (Norwegian)
Supervisors
Note

ISBN 978-91-86739-44-7

Available from: 2014-04-23 Created: 2014-04-23 Last updated: 2015-01-28Bibliographically approved

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MPH 2012:11(790 kB)988 downloads
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