Engineering Transcriptional Systems for Cyanobacterial Biotechnology
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Cyanobacteria are solar-powered cell factories that can be engineered to supply us with renewable fuels and chemicals. To do so robust and well-working biological parts and tools are necessary. Parts for controlling gene expression are of special importance in living systems, and specifically promoters are needed for enabling and simplifying rational design. Synthetic biology is an engineering science that incorporates principles such as decoupling, standardization and modularity to enable the design and construction of more advanced systems from simpler parts and the re-use of parts in new contexts. For these principles to work, cross-talk must be avoided and therefore orthogonal parts and systems are important as they are decoupled by definition. This work concerns the design and development of biological parts and tools that can enable synthetic biology in cyanobacteria. This encompasses parts necessary for the development of other systems, such as vectors and translational elements, but with a focus on transcriptional regulation. First, to enable the development and characterization of promoters in different cyanobacterial chassis, a broad-host-range BioBrick plasmid, pPMQAK1, was constructed and confirmed to function in several cyanobacterial strains. Then, ribosome binding sites, protease degradation tags and constitutive, orthogonal promoters were characterized in the model strain Synechocystis PCC 6803. These tools were then used to design LacI-regulated promoter libraries for studying DNA-looping and the behaviour of LacI-mediated loops in Synechocystis. Ultimately, this lead to the design of completely repressed LacI-regulated promoters that could be used for e.g. cyanobacterial genetic switches, and was used to design a destabilized version of the repressed promoter that could be induced to higher levels. Further, this promoter was used to implement an orthogonal transcriptional system based on T7 RNAP that was shown to drive different levels of T7 promoter transcription depending on regulation. Also, Gal4-repressed promoters for bacteria were engineered and examined in Escherichia coli as an initial step towards transferring them to cyanobacteria. Attempts were also made to implement a light-regulated one-component transcription factor based on Gal4. This work provides a background for engineering transcription and provides suggestions for how to develop the parts further.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. , 63 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1149
Cyanobacteria, Synthetic biology, promoters, transcription, LacI, Gal4, Light-regulation
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Microbial Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223599ISBN: 978-91-554-8954-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-223599DiVA: diva2:713315
2014-06-05, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
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