Socioeconomic status and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A quantitative analysis of the relationship between socioeconomic status, incidence, and survival from out of hospital cardiac arrest
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
BACKGROUND This thesis studies the relationship between area-level socioeconomic status and the incidence and 30-day survival of out of hospital cardiac arrest. The effect of socioeconomic status on health has been studied for over 150 years. Although cardiac arrest is a major public health problem there has been very little focus on socioeconomic status and out of hospital cardiac arrest. DATA AND METHODS The cardiac arrest data are obtained from the Swedish cardiac arrest registry. Data on age structure and percentage of immigrants is from SCBs total population registry and socioeconomic data come from SCBs LISA database. The incidence analysis is made in two steps. The first step calculates the age standardized incidence and the second step is an OLS analysis. For the survival analysis a logistic regression analysis is made to measure the probability of survival in different income areas. RESULTS For the socioeconomic status – incidence analysis the results from the OLS analysis suggest that the incidence is almost twice as high in the lowest income area. Intercept (Highest group) = 26.8 and <140 000 (lowest group) = 24.5. In the survival analysis (using a binary logistic regression analysis) there was a significantly lower OR for the lowest income group for all patients (OR= 0.521, p= 0.049) and for the sub group (patients 18-75 years old) there was a significant negative relationship for the two lowest groups. <140 000 (OR= 0.444, p= 0.032) and 140 000-159 000 (OR= 0.620, p= 0.046). CONCLUSION There is a significant relationship between living in a poor neighborhood and out of hospital cardiac arrest. Those living in poorer areas have both an increased incidence and lower chance of survival of out of hospital cardiac arrest.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 35 p.
socioeconomic status, out of hospital cardiac arrest, cardiac arrest, income, health differences, age standardization
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-102746OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-102746DiVA: diva2:713122
Härkönen, Juho, PhD
Bergman Blix, Stina, PhD