"We are used to this": a qualitative assessment of the perceptions of and attitudes towards air pollution amongst slum residents in Nairobi
2014 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 14, 226- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: People's perceptions of and attitudes towards pollution are critical for reducing exposure among people and can also influence the response to interventions that are aimed at encouraging behaviour change. This study assessed the perceptions and attitudes of residents in two slums in Nairobi regarding air pollution. Methods: We conducted focus group discussions with residents aged 18 years and above using an emergent design in the formulation of the study guide. A thematic approach was used in data analysis. Results: The discussions revealed that the two communities experience air pollution arising mainly from industries and dump sites. There was an apparent disconnect between knowledge and practice, with individuals engaging in practices that placed them at high risk of exposure to air pollution. Residents appear to have rationalized the situation in which they live in and were resigned to these conditions. Consequently, they expressed lack of agency in addressing prevalent air pollution within their communities. Conclusions: Community-wide education on air pollution and related health effects together with the measures needed to reduce exposure to air pollution are necessary towards reducing air pollution impacts. A similar city-wide study is recommended to enable comparison of perceptions along socio-economic groups and neighbourhoods.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BioMed Central, 2014. Vol. 14, 226- p.
Air pollution, Perceptions, Attitudes, Nairobi, Slums
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87873DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-226ISI: 000332729600003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-87873DiVA: diva2:712539