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Distriktssköterskors erfarenhet av svåra situationer i hemsjukvården.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
District nurses experience of difficult situations in community homecare. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Distriktssköterskor i hemsjukvården arbetar självständigt i ett växande arbetsfält med allt sjukare patienter och mer avancerad vård. Teamarbete, samverkan och arbetsledning ställer höga krav på distriktssköterskans arbete vilket har väckt uppmärksamhet och forskning kring arbetssituationer som ställer så pass höga krav på distriktssköterskan att det inverkar negativt på distriktssköterskans hälsa och riskerar patientsäkerheten. Syfte: Att undersöka distriktssköterskors erfarenhet av svåra situationer i hemsjukvården. Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ ansats. Tolv distriktssköterskor verksamma inom kommunal hemsjukvård har deltagit i studien och med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer har data insamlats. Därefter har data analyserats genom induktiv innehållsanalys. Resultat: Distriktssköterskor i hemsjukvården erfar svåra situationer i en bristande arbetsmiljö, i svårigheter i rollen som omvårdnadsledare, i bristande samsyn inom vårdorganisationen samt svårigheter i relationen med anhöriga och patient. För varje kategori finns underkategorier såsom hot och våld, ensamarbetets baksida, tidsbrist, svårt att leda arbetet när personalen brister i sin yrkesutövning, baspersonal som bedömer patienten ur ett annat perspektiv, stöttande av personal i svåra situationer, samverkan med andra professioner, svårt att få kontakt med läkare, anhörigas behov av bekräftelse och försummande av egenvårdsansvaret. Konklusion: Distriktssköterskorna erfor flera svåra situationer inom den kommunala hemsjukvården. För att säkerställa distriktssköterskors hälsa och trygga patientsäkerheten behöver dessa situationer synliggöras och åtgärdas.

Abstract [en]

Background: District nurses in home care work independently in a growing field of work with increasingly ill patients and more advanced care. Teamwork, collaboration and staff management demand high quality in the district nurse performance, which has drawn attention and research to work situations demanding so much that the district nurse health and patient safety are adversely affected. Purpose: To investigate the district nurses' experience of difficult situations in home caring. Method: The study has a qualitative approach. Twelve district nurses working in municipal home care participated in the study and data was collected through semi-structured interviews. Data has been analyzed through an inductive content analysis. Results: District nurses in home care experience difficult situations in a lacking work environment, difficulties in the role as nursing leader in a lacking consensus in the caring organization, as well as difficulties in the relation between dependent and patient. Each area is divided in sub categories, such as threat and violence, working alone, time constraints, difficulties in management when personnel is lacking in performing nursing care, collaboration with other profession, supporting personnel, difficulties of getting in touch with doctors, caring staff assessing patients in another perspective, dependents’ need of confirmation and patients lacking in self-care. Conclusion: District nurses experience difficult situations in nursing homecare. To ensure the district nurses´ health and ensure patients safety requires these situations have to be made visible and addressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
District nurse, difficult situations, stress, competence, community home care, patient safety
Keywords [sv]
Distriktssköterska, svåra situationer, stress, kompetens, hemsjukvård, patientsäkerhet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31901OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-31901DiVA, id: diva2:712246
Subject / course
Primary Health Care Specialist Nursing, Graduate Diploma
Educational program
Nursing Specialisation: Public Health Care (75 ECTS credits)
Presentation
2014-03-25, 14:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-20 Created: 2014-04-14 Last updated: 2019-11-20Bibliographically approved

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