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Patienters upplevelser av hjärtinfarkt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients experiences of a heart attack (English)
Abstract [sv]

I bakgrunden förklaras att årligen drabbas ett stort antal människor av hjärtinfarkt. Sjukdomen inträffar ofta plötsligt och påverkar stora delar av patientens liv. Det är viktigt att som sjuksköterska ha kunskap kring hur patienten upplever sjukdomen för att kunna ge vård utifrån ett patientperspektiv. Syftet med studien var därmed att beskriva hur patienter upplever att ha drabbats av hjärtinfarkt. Metoden är en litteraturbaserad studie där kvalitativ forskning analyserats. Resultatet sammanställdes i fyra olika teman: Ett förändrat och hotat liv, rädslan för en ny hjärtinfarkt, Livsstilsförändringars påverkan på stress och välbefinnande samt känslan av sårbarhet och brist på individanpassad vård. Livet efter en hjärtinfarkt upplevdes som förändrat. Patienterna såg inte på sig själv och sin kropp på samma sätt som tidigare. Betydelsen av stöd ansågs som viktigt i återhämtningsprocessen, dock sågs sjukvårdens stöd stundtals som bristande. Vissa patienter upplevde förändringarna i livet som positiva och som vägen till ett förbättrat liv. Slutsatsen är att upplevelserna tiden efter hjärtinfarkten är individuella, därmed bör vården vara individanpassad för att uppnå så bra vård som möjligt. Vården bör fokusera på att hjälpa patienterna att hantera vardagliga situationer.

Abstract [en]

In the background it is explained that every year a large number of people suffer from a heart attack. The disease often occurs very sudden and affects the patients life in many ways. As a nurse it’s very important to have knowledge about how the patient experiences the disease and to be able to give the right treatment from a patient perspective. The purpose with this study was by that to describe how patients experience to have suffered a heart attack. The method is a literature based study where qualitative research has been analyzed. The result was then complied into four different themes, A changed and threatened life, the fear of another heart attack, lifestyle changes impact on stress and well-being and the sense of vulnerability and lack of individualized care The life after a heart attack was seen as altered. Patients did not look at themself and there body in the same way as before. The importance of support was considered significant in the recovery process, though the support provided by health care was sometimes vied as insufficient. Some patients experienced the changes in life as positive and as the road to a new improved life. The conclusion is that the experiences from the time after a heart attack is individual and thereby should the healthcare be adapted for individuals to achieve as good healthcare as possible. The healthcare should focus on helping the patients dealing with everyday situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Myocardial Infarction, Patient, Experience, Liftworld, health and wellbeeing
Keyword [sv]
Hjärtinfarkt, Patient, Upplevelse, Livsvärld, Hälsa och välbefinnande
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8976OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-8976DiVA: diva2:712062
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-10-23 Created: 2014-04-13 Last updated: 2014-10-23Bibliographically approved

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