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SABRE is required for stabilization of root hair patterning in Arabidopsis thaliana
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC).
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC). Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Department of Molecular Biology, Tübingen, Germany.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC). Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, Plant Physiology, University of Potsdam, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7571-0670
2015 (English)In: Physiologia Plantarum: An International Journal for Plant Biology, ISSN 0031-9317, E-ISSN 1399-3054, Vol. 153, no 3, 440-453 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Patterned differentiation of distinct cell types is essential for the development of multicellular organisms. The root epidermis of Arabidopsis thaliana is composed of alternating files of root hair and non-hair cells and represents a model system for studying the control of cell-fate acquisition. Epidermal cell fate is regulated by a network of genes that translate positional information from the underlying cortical cell layer into a specific pattern of differentiated cells. While much is known about the genes of this network, new players continue to be discovered. Here we show that the SABRE (SAB) gene, known to mediate microtubule organization, anisotropic cell growth and planar polarity, has an effect on root epidermal hair cell patterning. Loss of SAB function results in ectopic root hair formation and destabilizes the expression of cell fate and differentiation markers in the root epidermis, including expression of the WEREWOLF (WER) and GLABRA2 (GL2) genes. Double mutant analysis reveal that wer and caprice (cpc) mutants, defective in core components of the epidermal patterning pathway, genetically interact with sab. This suggests that SAB may act on epidermal patterning upstream of WER and CPC. Hence, we provide evidence for a role of SAB in root epidermal patterning by affecting cell-fate stabilization. Our work opens the door for future studies addressing SAB-dependent functions of the cytoskeleton during root epidermal patterning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 153, no 3, 440-453 p.
National Category
Developmental Biology Cell Biology
Research subject
Developmental Biology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87837DOI: 10.1111/ppl.12257ISI: 000349969500009OAI: diva2:711981
Swedish Research Council, 2009-4846

Originally published in manuscript form.

Available from: 2014-04-11 Created: 2014-04-11 Last updated: 2015-11-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Characterization of New Players in Planar Polarity Establishment in Arabidopsis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characterization of New Players in Planar Polarity Establishment in Arabidopsis
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Karakterisering av nya aktörer vid etablering av planpolaritet i Arabidopsis
Abstract [en]

Coordinated polarity and differentiation of cells in the plane of a tissue layer are essential to the development of multicellular organisms. Arabidopsis thaliana root hairs and trichomes provide model systems to study the pathways that control planar polarity and cell fate specification in plants. A concentration gradient of the plant hormone auxin provides an instructive cue that coordinates polar assembly of signalling complexes at plasma membranes of root epidermal cells; however, knowledge about additional players and cytoskeletal effectors driving cell polarization prior to hair emergence remains limited. On the other hand, epidermal cell fate specification is controlled by a well-characterized gene network of transcription factors that translate positional signals and cell-to-cell communication into tissue-wide patterning. Yet, new components are continuously found to interact with the patterning pathway, shedding light on its connections with diverse developmental processes.

This thesis presents the SABRE (SAB) gene as a novel player in planar polarity establishment and root epidermal patterning. SAB is a large protein with sequence similarity to proteins present in all eukaryotes and affects planar polarity as well as orientation of cell divisions and cortical microtubules. Genetic interaction with the microtubule-associated protein gene CLASP further supports involvement of SAB in microtubule arrangement, suggesting a role for this gene in cytoskeletal organisation. Strikingly, SAB also interacts genetically with ACTIN7 (ACT7), and both ACT7 and its modulator ACTIN INTERACTING PROTEIN 1-2 (AIP1-2) contribute to planar polarity of root hair positioning. Cell-file specific expression of AIP1-2 depends on the epidermal-patterning regulator WEREWOLF (WER), revealing a connection between actin organization, planar polarity and cell fate specification. Consistent with this finding, SAB also functions in patterning of the root epidermis by stabilizing cell fate acquisition upstream of the core patterning pathway. These results unveil new roles for SAB in planar polarity and epidermal patterning and suggest that organization of the microtubule and the actin cytoskeleton are important to both planar polarity establishment and cell fate specification.

Abstract [sv]

Samordning av polaritet och differentiering av celler inom ett vävnadslager är avgörande för utvecklingen av multicellulära organismer. Rothår och bladhår hos Arabidopsis thaliana utgör modellsystem för att studera signalvägar som kontrollerar planpolaritet och specifikation av cellers öde hos växter. En koncentrationsgradient av växthormonet auxin ger en instruktiv signal som koordinerar polär hopsättning av signalkomplex vid plasmamembranet i rotepidermisceller; dock är kunskapen om ytterligare aktörer och hur cytoskelettets aktörer påverkar cellpolaritet innan rothår bildas begränsad. Vad gäller differentieringen av epidermala cellers öde kontrolleras dessa genom ett väl karakteriserat nätverk av transkriptionsfaktorer som överför positionssignaler och cell-till-cell kommunikation till vävnadsomfattande mönsterbildning. Fortfarande hittas dock nya komponenter som interagerar med signalvägarna för mönsterbildning, vilket ger nya insikter om dess förbindelser med diverse utvecklingsprocesser.

Denna avhandling presenterar genen SABRE (SAB) som en ny aktör i etableringen av planpolaritet och mönsterbildning av rotepidermis. SAB är ett stort protein som har sekvenslikhet med proteiner som finns i alla eukaryoter och det påverkar planpolaritet, orientering av celldelning och kortikala mikrotubler. Genetisk interaktion med genen för det mikrotubuli-associerade proteinet CLASP stärker ytterligare inblandningen av SAB i organiserandet av mikrotubler och antyder att denna gen har en roll i organiserandet av cytoskelettet. Slående är att SAB även interagerar genetiskt med ACTIN7 (ACT7) och att både ACT7 och dess modulator ACTIN-INTERACTING PROTEIN1-2 (AIP1-2) bidrar till planpolaritet vid positionering av rothår. Cellfils-specifikt uttryck av AIP1-2 beror på den epidermala mönsterbildande genen WEREWOLF (WER), vilket påvisar ett samband mellan organisationen av aktin, planpolaritet och specifikationen av cellers öde. SAB fungerar även i mönsterbildning av rotens epidermis och stabiliserar förvärvet av cellöde uppströms av den centrala signalvägen för mönsterbildning. Dessa resultat visar på nya roller för SAB i planpolaritet och mönsterbildning av epidermis och indikerar att organiseringen av mikrotubler och aktin-cytoskelettet är viktiga både för etablerandet av planpolaritet och för specificeringen av cellers öde.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2014. 71 p.
SABRE, planar polarity, CLASP, cell division orientation, microtubule cytoskeleton, actin, AIP1, patterning
National Category
Developmental Biology Cell Biology
Research subject
Developmental Biology
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87838 (URN)978-91-7601-050-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-05-09, KBC huset, Stora hörsalen KB3B1, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2014-04-17 Created: 2014-04-11 Last updated: 2015-02-26Bibliographically approved

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