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Manliga sjuksköterskors motiv att söka sig till och arbeta inom sluten psykiatri samt akutmottagning: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Könsroller i samhället påverkar män och kvinnors val av arbetsområde inom vården. Enligt statistik från Socialstyrelsen väljer manliga sjuksköterskor främst att specialistutbilda sig inom akutsjukvård samt psykiatri, medan vissa områden har brist på män. De patienter som önskar bli omhändertagen av en manlig sjuksköterska kan i dagsläget inte få detta uppfyllt överallt. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva manliga sjuksköterskors motiv att söka sig till och att arbeta inom sluten psykiatri samt akutmottagning. Metoden för studien var kvalitativ deskriptiv, genom semistrukturerade intervjuer vilka analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Undersökningsgruppen valdes ut genom ändamålsenligt urval och bestod av fyra sjuksköterskor inom psykiatri samt fyra inom akutmottagning, vid ett sjukhus i norra Sverige och ett i mellersta Sverige. I resultatet framkom att ett motiv för de manliga sjuksköterskornas arbetsval var att det inom akutmottagning samt sluten psykiatri fanns bra möjligheter att göra skillnad för patienten, vilket medförde att sjuksköterskorna upplevde att de verkligen kunde göra nytta för patienten och fick känna sig behövda. Sjuksköterskorna ansåg att de hade bra utvecklingsmöjligheter inom sitt yrke och många karriärvägar. Arbetsmiljön upplevdes som tillfredsställande i förhållande till självständighet, variation och arbetstempo. Deltagarna ansåg att deras arbete var ett intressant område med roliga arbetsuppgifter. Slutsatsen var att det bland manliga sjuksköterskor inom psykiatri och akutmottagning fanns en attraktion till arbete som upplevs som intressant, självständigt, varierande, bra med utvecklingsmöjligheter och där sjuksköterskan får känna att han gör ett bra arbete. Sjuksköterskorna hade en negativ föreställning om att arbetet på somatisk vårdavdelning inte motsvarade dessa viktiga faktorer.

Abstract [en]

Gender roles in society influence the choices of men and women regarding working area in healthcare. According to statistics from the Health and Human Services Department of Sweden, (Socialstyrelsen) men tend to mainly specialize in emergency care and psychiatry, while some other specialization areas have a shortage of men. Patients who wish to be tended to by a male nurse can not get this fulfilled everywhere. The aim of this study was to describe why male nurses most commonly choose to work in psychiatric wards and emergency rooms. The method, which has been used, is a qualitative interview study using a descriptive design, which later was analyzed through qualitative content analysis. The informants were chosen using purpose selection and consisted of four nurses within the field of psychiatry, and an additional four that worked in emergency rooms, distributed on one hospital in northern Sweden, and one in the central part of the country. In the result the reasons for the choice regarding work place of the male nurses were that at the emergency rooms and psychiatric wards, the possibility of making a difference for the patient and also having time for him/her was great, which made the nurses feel that they could be of good use for the patient, and also felt needed. In the work place it was considered that the nurses had good potential for professional development. The working environment was perceived as satisfactory in relation to independence, variation and working place. The participants considered that their field of work offered an interesting work place and providing enjoyable work tasks. The conclusion drawn in this study, showed that among male nurses within the fields of psychiatry and emergency care, found an attraction to their work because the work is perceived as interesting, independent, varying, providing good opportunities for further professional development, and where the nurse gets to feel as if he is doing a good job. The nurses had a negatory conception regarding somatic care, since they thought that it did not meet these important key factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Work choice, gender identity, male nurse, emergency service, psychiatric department
Keyword [sv]
Arbetsval, könsroller, manliga sjuksköterskor, akutmottagning, psykiatriska avdelningar.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16524Archive number: SSKVk14- 12OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-16524DiVA: diva2:711683
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-04-11 Created: 2014-04-11 Last updated: 2014-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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