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Beröringens betydelse vid vård och omsorg av personer med demenssjukdom-en litteraturstadie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet: Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilken betydelse beröring har i vård och omsorgav personer med demenssjukdom. Ett annat syfte var att granska kvalitén av urval och bortfalli de inkluderade artiklarna.

Metod: Metoden var en beskrivande litteraturstudie där resultatet baserades på 13vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Litteratursökning genomfördes idatabaserna Pubmed, Medline, Cinahl och Psycinfo.

Huvudresultat: Hos personer med demenssjukdom bidrar fysisk beröring till lugn och ro,under och efter behandling somnar många vilket är ett tecken på avslappning och bidrar i sintur till en bättre kvalitet på sömnen i helhet. Fysisk beröring bidrar även till förbättring avvardaglig smärta. Hos personer med beteenderelaterade symtom bör fysisk beröring gesförsiktigt. Under kommunikation och observation och allas individuella behov skall tas varapå. En fysisk handling ger välbefinnande i form av bekräftelse och skapar känslor av blandannat omtänksamhet och välbehag. Oxytocin som är viktiga kombinationer för välbefinnandefrigörs av mänsklig beröring.

Slutsats: Majoriteten av de inkluderade artiklarna baseras på personer med demenssjukdomoch resultatet påvisar en positiv reaktion av beröring på flera faktorer.

Abstract [en]

Aim: To investigate the role of physical touch in the care of people with dementia. The aim was also to examine the quality of the selection method and non-response sample of the included articles.

Method: A descriptive literature study based on 13 scientific articles with qualitative and quantitative approach. The literature research was made in the databases PubMed, Medline, Cinahl and Psycinfo.

Main Results: In people with dementia, physical touch contributes to peace and quiet. During and after treatment many falls asleep, which is a sign of relaxation and that contributes to a better quality of full sleep. Physical contact also contributes to the improvement of everyday pain.People with behavioral symptoms should be given physical touch gently, during communication and observation and everyone's individual needs must be taken care of. A physical action gives comfort in the form of confirmation. It creates feelings of thoughtfulness and pleasure for example.Oxytocin, that is important for the wellbeing, gets released by human touch.

Conclusion: The majorities of the included articles are based on people with dementia and the results appear to show a positive reaction of touch on several factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , p. 22
Keyword [en]
Physical touch, dementia, nursing
Keyword [sv]
Fysisk beröring, demenssjukdom, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16512Archive number: SSKVk14- 09OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-16512DiVA, id: diva2:710667
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-07 Last updated: 2014-04-08Bibliographically approved

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