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Individers upplevelse av insjuknandet, den aktiva fasen och tillfrisknandet från Anorexia nervosa: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna beskrivande litteraturstudie var att beskriva individers upplevelse av insjuknande i, den aktiva fasen samt tillfrisknandet från Anorexia nervosa (AN), vidare var syftet att granska kvalitén avseende urvalsmetod i de ingående artiklarna. De femton ingående, vetenskapliga artiklarna söktes fram i databaserna Cinahl och Scopus. Resultatet utgjordes av tre huvudkategorier; Insjuknandet i, den aktiva fasen och tillfrisknandet samt nio stycken underkategorier. I resultatet framgick att individer med AN använde sin sjukdom till att hantera olika känslor genom de tre faserna. Under insjuknandet beskrev många individer med AN avsaknaden av kontroll i sitt liv och att de använde sjukdomen för att återfå känslan av kontroll. Under den aktiva fasen av sjukdomen fokuserade individerna på ätstörningen och på så vis förträngde de dem negativa känslorna. Individer med AN beskrev att de upplevde behandlingen som kaotisk då de var tvungna att hitta ett annat sätt än ätstörningen för att hantera sina känslor. Slutsaten är att det som sjukvårdspersonal är viktigt att få ökad kunskap och förståelse för vad individer med AN upplever, detta för att kunna stödja och hjälpa dem till tillfrisknande.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this descriptive study was to describe the experiences of individuals with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) according to falling ill, the active phase and to recover from AN. The aim was also to examine the quality of the sample method, in the selected articles. The databases that were used to search for the articles were Cinahl and Scopus. Three main categories emerged; Fall ill, the active phase and to recover and nine subcategories. The result of this study was that individuals with AN used their illness in a way to cope with different emotions. In the first phase, to fall ill, they described that they developed their AN in the belief of that it would contribute to a regain of the feeling of control in their lives. Within the active phase the individuals with AN putted all their focus on the illness and therefor suppressed negative emotions. During the recovery, individuals with AN described that they were forced to find another way than the AN in order to cope with their emotions. The conclusion is that it's important as a health worker to try to developed an understanding for these individuals experiences in order to in the best possible way, be able to support and help them to find another way to cope with their emotions than through their AN.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 27 p.
Keyword [sv]
Anorexia nervosa, Upplevelse, Hantering
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16508Archive number: SSKVk14- 07OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-16508DiVA: diva2:710586
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-04-07 Created: 2014-04-07 Last updated: 2014-04-07Bibliographically approved

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