A clock driver with reduced EMI
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
A clock driver that works on the principle of charging and discharging the clock network in a VLSI circuit in two steps is investigated in a few different configurations. The aim of the design is twofold:
- to reduce the power consumption
- to reduce the third harmonic of the clock signal, and thereby the EMI (electromagnetic interference) emitted by the clock network.
The first should be possible to accomplish as the clock interconnect network gets charged by half the voltage during each rising transition, and the second should be possible to accomplish by carefully time the rising and falling transitions, so that the third Fourier coefficient of the resulting wave form cancels.
The drivers are loaded by eight 16-bit adders. The drivers’ power consumption, and the spectrum of the output signal, are investigated under varying clock frequencies, power supply voltage, and driver architecture. The results are compared to a conventional square wave clock.
The results are that while the third harmonics of the resulting output sees an improvement in all the investigated cases over the square wave clock, the power savings are, for higher clock frequencies, more than completely canceled by the extra power needed in the logic stage which controls these drivers. On the other hand, the power consumption of the new driver appears to drop below that of the conventional driver when the clock frequency drops below approximately 100MHz.
A few suggestions for further investigations of new designs and clock wave forms are given.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 38 p.
low-power, clock driver, low EMI
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105673ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--14/4750--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105673DiVA: diva2:709410
Subject / course
Mesgarzadeh, Behzad, Forskarassistent
Alvandpour, Atila, Professor