Today there is still irrelevant pay differential in society. In Sweden in 2010, the average pay differential was 15,4 percent between the sexes. Only 0,8 percent better than EU:s average.
In Sweden the individual salaries increasingly have begun to characterize the Swedish labor market. Based on this, the aim of this study is to highlight the issue of equal pay between men and women from the perspective of individual salary. This would also been doing with a background in the regulatory environment of equal pay.
When it comes to equality between women and men it is the area of labor law in EU who is the most developed and in Sweden this is the area who is most affected by EU law. Both in EU and in Sweden it is prohibit with direct- and indirect pay discrimination based on sex in equal and equivalent work. Pay differentials can be objective based if, for example, it has to do with the person's performance or knowledge or market factors. In Sweden the market aspects have a big influence to the employers approach to differences in salaries.
Sweden has increasingly moved towards to individual salaries but how individual the pay is depends on how it is regulated in collective agreements. What is important to consider in the individual salaries is that a well-developed job values is used. In a job values the works demands on knowledge and skills, effort, responsibility and working conditions should be measured. What is important is that job evaluation is used in the same way on all work and that the requirements are gender neutral. The second criterion we look at in the individual salaries is the person's performance and that usually is being judged on the person's skills, development and achievement. Both employees and workers have a responsibility when it comes to the person's individual salaries.
The reason why there are pay differences between men and women in society is partly due to the tradition of what seems to be feminine and masculine elements. Since way back, it was the women's commission to take care of the children, the older and the sick. This has been followed with the world in to work and these jobs are now seen as women’s work and have a lower salary.
There is a positive approach to the basic idea of individual salaries but there is also dissatisfactionwith how it is used in practice. The model can probably not itself contribute to equal pay. The societal view of femininity and masculinity must first be change.
2014. , 41 p.