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Bältesanvändning i Sverige 2013
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic safety, society and road-user.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3856-5421
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
The use of seat belts in Sweden 2013 (English)
Abstract [sv]

VTI har observerat bilbältesanvändningen i ett antal syd- och mellansvenska städer sedan 1983. Observationerna år 2013 gjordes under sammanlagt ett tiotal dagar i augusti–september. Sammanlagt observerades drygt 58 400 personbilar, drygt 1 200 taxibilar samt cirka 8 700 övriga bilar, exempelvis lastbilar. Bilbältesanvändningen bland förare och framsätespassagerare i personbil har under hela observationsperioden 1983–2013 legat på en betydligt högre och jämnare nivå än bland baksätespassagerare. Redan i mätseriens början använde 84–86 procent av förare och framsätespassagerare bälte. År 2013 är nivåerna på 97–98 procent. När VTI:s mätserie började 1983 var bältesanvändningen bland vuxna i baksätet endast 10 procent. Den ökade i ett steg till 60 procent när lagen om bilbältesanvändning för vuxna i hela bilen trädde i kraft 1 juli 1986. Enligt de senaste observationerna är cirka 84 procent av alla vuxna baksätespassagerare bältade, vilket är lägre än nivån år 2012. I baksätet har barnen alltid haft en betydligt högre bältesanvändning än de vuxna, vilket gäller även 2013 då drygt 96 procent av barnen i baksätet var bältade. Bältesanvändningen bland barn i baksätet är således fortfarande i paritet med den bland förare och passagerare i framsätet. Från och med 1994 års observationer ingår också ett delprojekt där förarnas bältesanvändning kopplas till förarnas kön och ålder.

Abstract [en]

VTI has observed seat belt use in a number of towns in Southern Sweden since 1983. The observations in 2013 were made over a total of ten days in August–September 2013. In total, approximately 58,400 passenger cars, 1,200 taxi cars and 8,700 other vehicles, e.g. trucks were observed. During the whole survey period, 1983–2013, seat belt use by drivers and front seat passengers has been at a considerably higher and more uniform level than back seat passengers. At the beginning of the surveys, 84–86 per cent of drivers and front seat passengers already wore a seat belt. Today, the levels are 97– 98 per cent. When VTI commenced the surveys in 1983, seat belt use by adult back seat passengers was at a modest 10 per cent. When the law requiring all adult occupants to wear seat belts in passenger cars came into force on 1 July 1986, the figure quickly increased to 60 per cent. According to the latest observations, approximately 84 per cent of all adult back seat passengers wear a seat belt, which is lower than the level 2012. In the back seat, children have always had a much higher belt use than the adults, which also applies to 2013, when slightly more than 96 per cent of children in the back seat were belted. Since the surveys in 1994 to date, a subproject studying the drivers and the correlation to age and sex of the drivers, has been in force simultaneously.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2014. , 29 p.
Series
VTI notat, 10-2014
Keyword [en]
Safety belt, Use, Observation, Man, Woman, Adult, Child, Driver, Passenger, Front, Rear, Car, Taxi, Lorry, Statistics
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6838OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-6838DiVA: diva2:709046
Available from: 2014-03-31 Created: 2014-03-31 Last updated: 2017-03-30Bibliographically approved

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