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Change in prostate volume during extreme hypo-fractionation analysed with MRI
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
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2014 (English)In: Radiation Oncology, ISSN 1748-717X, Vol. 9, 22- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Hypo-fractionated external beam radiotherapy with narrow CTV-PTV margins is increasingly applied for prostate cancer. This demands a precise target definition and knowledge on target location and extension during treatment. It is unclear how increase in fraction size affects changes in prostate volume during treatment. Our aim was to study prostate volume changes during extreme hypo-fractionation (7 x 6.1 Gy) by using sequential MRIs. Methods: Twenty patients treated with extreme hypo-fractionation were recruited from an on-going prospective randomized phase III trial. An MRI scan was done before start of treatment, at mid treatment and at the end of radiotherapy. The prostate was delineated at each MRI and the volume and maximum extension in left-right, anterior-posterior and cranial-caudal directions were measured. Results: There was a significant increase in mean prostate volume (14%) at mid treatment as compared to baseline. The prostate volume remained enlarged (9%) at the end of radiotherapy. Prostate swelling was most pronounced in the anterior-posterior and cranial-caudal directions. Conclusions: Extreme hypo-fractionation induced a significant prostate swelling during treatment that was still present at the time of last treatment fraction. Our results indicate that prostate swelling is an important factor to take into account when applying treatment margins during short extreme hypo-fractionation, and that tight margins should be applied with caution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, 22- p.
Keyword [en]
Hypo-fractionation, MRI, Prostate cancer, Radiotherapy, Swelling, Volume change
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging Cancer and Oncology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87044DOI: 10.1186/1748-717X-9-22ISI: 000331628000001OAI: diva2:709000
Available from: 2014-03-31 Created: 2014-03-18 Last updated: 2014-03-31Bibliographically approved

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