beta-Ta and alpha-Cr thin films deposited by high power impulse magnetron sputtering and direct current magnetron sputtering in hydrogen containing plasmas
2014 (English)In: Physica. B, Condensed matter, ISSN 0921-4526, Vol. 439, 3-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thin films of beta-Ta and alpha-Cr were deposited on Si(1 0 0) and 1000 angstrom SiO2/Si(1 0 0), by high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS) and direct current magnetron sputtering (dcMS) in hydrogen-containing plasmas. The films were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, elastic recoil detection analysis, and four-point probe measurements. The results showed that 001-oriented beta-Ta films containing up to similar to 8 at% hydrogen were obtained with HiPIMS, albeit with no chemical shift evident in XPS. The 110 oriented alpha-Cr films display a hydrogen content less than the detection limit of 1 at%, but H-2 favors the growth of high-purity films for both metals. The beta-Ta films deposited with dcMS are columnar, which seems independent of H-2 presence in the plasma, while the films grown by HIPIMS are more fine-grained. The latter type of microstructure was present for the alpha-Cr films and found to be independent on choice of technique or hydrogen in the plasma. The beta-Ta films show a resistivity of similar to 140-180 mu Omega cm, while alpha-Cr films exhibit values around 30 mu Omega cm; the lowest values obtained for films deposited by HiPIMS and with hydrogen in the plasma for both metals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2014. Vol. 439, 3-8 p.
Hydrides; Thin films; beta-Ta; alpha-Cr; High power impulse magnetron sputtering; Direct current magnetron sputtering
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105562DOI: 10.1016/j.physb.2013.11.038ISI: 000331620700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105562DiVA: diva2:708876