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Automatic Control for a Gas System Using PIC Microcontroller
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In many processes it is important to have automatic control in the modern life. For example, PLC systems are using for machine control, water pressure and flow are able to be controlled by DDC program, even a car can be driven by computer. In this article, author will turn our focus on the control system for fermentation tank. The fermentation tank that produces methane is considered as clean and recycle energy source. It is widely used in house, electronic power machine and vehicle around the world. However, its reaction temperature and output concentration control are usually hard to detect without automation system. In this study, the problem is focused to combine fermentation tank and automatic control system in laboratory testing.


In this paper, author will be able to use PIC (Peripheral Interface Controller) microcontroller to solve this problem and automatically control the methane tank output methane gas with certain concentration, which could be used as energy source. The temperature and concentration sensors that are chosen as input data of the controller and corresponding algorithm were performed on the PIC. They will be used to realize the composition and thermal state measurement. With those information, the valves of material and water control can be controlled in methane tank.


Limited by the experiment equipment and methane reaction tank system, the controller was just tested in the laboratory environment instead of practical application. The test result shows that the controller has its capability to automatically control the stable output of methane gas. In the test, water and material valves are controlled automatically open or close after monitoring temperature and concentration information of the gas in the tank. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
methane, PIC, automatic control
National Category
Engineering and Technology Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16455OAI: diva2:708570
Subject / course
Educational program
Electronics – bachelor’s programme (in eng)
Available from: 2014-04-09 Created: 2014-03-28 Last updated: 2014-04-09Bibliographically approved

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