Plasma YKL-40 in Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Treated with First Line Oxaliplatin-Based Regimen with or without Cetuximab: RESULTS from the NORDIC VII Study
2014 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 2, e87746- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: We aim to test the hypothesis that high plasma YKL-40 is associated with short progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) treated with first-line oxaliplatin and 5-flourouracil with or without cetuximab. Patients and Methods: A total of 566 patients in the NORDIC VII Study were randomized 1:1:1 to arm A (Nordic FLOX), arm B (Nordic FLOX + cetuximab), or arm C (Nordic FLOX + cetuximab for 16 weeks followed by cetuximab alone as maintenance therapy). Pretreatment plasma samples were available from 510 patients. Plasma YKL-40 was determined by ELISA and dichotomized according to the age-corrected 95% YKL-40 level in 3130 healthy subjects. Results: Pretreatment plasma YKL-40 was elevated in 204 patients (40%), and median YKL-40 was higher in patients with mCRC than in healthy subjects (age adjusted, P < 0.001). Patients with elevated YKL-40 had shorter PFS than patients with normal YKL-40 (7.5 vs. 8.2 months; hazard ratio (HR) = 1.27 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.53 P = 0.013) and shorter OS (16.8 vs. 23.9 months; HR = 1.33, 1.04-1.69, P = 0.024). Multivariate Cox analysis demonstrated that elevated pretreatment YKL-40 was an independent biomarker of short OS (HR = 1.12, 1.01-1.25, P = 0.033). The ratio of the updated plasma YKL-40 (i.e. level after 1, 2, 8 weeks of treatment, and at end of treatment compared to the baseline level) was associated with OS (HR = 1.27, 1.06-1.52, P = 0.011). Conclusions: Plasma YKL-40 is an independent prognostic biomarker in patients with mCRC treated with first-line oxaliplatin-based therapy alone or combined with cetuximab.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 2, e87746- p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-220791DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087746ISI: 000330626900114OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-220791DiVA: diva2:706785