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Barn och ungdomars psykiska hälsa relaterat till inflytande och delaktighet i skolan
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Children and adolescents mental health related to influence and participation in school (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Tidigare studier har visat att psykisk ohälsa ökar bland ungdomar i Sverige. Skolsköterskan har en viktig del i det hälsofrämjande arbetet med barn och ungdomar. Att delaktighet och inflytande har ett samband med hälsa är känt, men det är oklart hur väl dokumenterat ämnet är. Syfte: Att göra en sammanställning kring barn och ungdomars psykiska hälsa relaterat till inflytande och delaktighet i skolan. Metod: Scoping study användes för att sammanställa aktuell litteratur inom det valda ämnet. De 23 inkluderade artiklarna berörde barn och ungdomar i skolåldern 6-19 år. Materialet sammanställdes med hjälp av subteman och teman. Resultat: Två teman växte fram i resultatet: ”Att ha kontroll över sin situation” och ”Att känna sig som en del av ett sammanhang”. Faktorer som makt, krav, relationer och stöd är relaterade till begreppen inflytande och delaktighet, och påverkar elevernas psykiska hälsa, i endera positiv eller negativ riktning. Konklusion/Implikation: Resultatet visade att inflytande och delaktighet kan ha ett samband med den psykiska hälsan, men befintlig forskning är begränsad och inte tillräckligt vetenskaplig. Vidare forskning behövs angående hur psykisk hälsa och delaktighet/inflytande i skolan påverkar varandra, samt hur skolsköterskan kan arbeta mer hälsofrämjande för att stärka elevernas känsla av sammanhang.

Abstract [en]

Background: Previous studies have shown that mental health problems are increasing among young people in Sweden. The school nurse has an important part in health promotion with children and adolescents. It is known that participation and influence has a correlation with health, but it is unclear how well documented the subject is. Aim: The aim was to make a statement about children and adolescents mental health related to influence and participation in school. Method: Scoping Study was used to compile the current literature in the chosen subject. The 23 included articles are relating to children and young people of school age 6-19 years. The material was compiled with the help of subthemes and themes. Results: Two themes that emerged from the results were: “To have control over the situation” and “To have a sense of coherence”. Factors as power, demand, relationships and support are related to the concepts of influence and participation and affect students’ mental health, in either positive or negative direction. Conclusion/Implication: The results showed that influence and participation may be associated with mental health, but existing research is limited and not enough scientific. Further research is needed regarding how mental health and participation/influence in school are interrelated, and how school nurses can work more promoting in order to strengthen students’ sense of coherence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Influence, mental health, participation, pupil, school
Keyword [sv]
Delaktighet, elev, inflytande, psykisk hälsa, skola
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-24870OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-24870DiVA: diva2:705760
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-03-18 Created: 2014-03-17 Last updated: 2014-03-18Bibliographically approved

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