Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Copingförmåga och copingstrategier hos patienter med KOL och patienter med hjärtsvikt: En kvantitativ, jämförande tvärsnittsstudie av patienter i primärvården i Sverige
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Coping ability and coping strategies in patients with COPD and patients with heart failure : A quantitative, comparative cross-sectional study of patients in primary health care in Sweden (English)
Abstract [sv]

Minst 500 000 av Sveriges befolkning har kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom (KOL) och ungefär 250 000 har hjärtsvikt. De två patientgrupperna hade många likartade symtom och en sjuksköterskeledd gemensam primärvårdsmottagning för dessa patienter kunde innebära många vinster. Ett av distriktssköterskans kompetensområde var att ha stödjande samtal om hur den enskilde patienten hanterade sin sjukdom. Syftet med uppsatsen var att jämföra copingförmåga och copingstrategier mellan patienter med KOL och patienter med hjärtsvikt, samt att undersöka eventuella skillnader av grad av ångest, depression, påverkan på funktion av fatigue och andfåddhet utifrån copingförmåga och användande av olika copingstrategier.  Metoden var en beskrivande och jämförande tvärsnittsstudie. Patienter med KOL respektive hjärtsvikt från primärvården i tre landsting ingick i studien och de fick svara på en hemskickad enkät. De instrument som användes i denna studie var flera, bland annat Orientation to Life Questionnaire och Ways of Coping Questionnarie. Resultat: Patienter med hög KASAM skattade de olika symtomen lägre och patienter med låg KASAM skattade de olika symtomen högre. Patienter med KOL använde sig i högre grad av olika copingstrategier än vad patienter med hjärtsvikt gjorde.  Patienter med hög grad av de olika copingstrategierna skattade de olika symptomen högre än de med låg grad av de olika copingstrategierna, med vissa undantag. Konklusion: Resultaten är intressanta och bör tas i beaktande i mötet med dessa patienter i gemensamma primärvårdsmottagningar genom råd och stöd för att minska att symtomen från KOL respektive hjärtsvikt har en negativ inverkan på deras liv.

Abstract [en]

At least 500 000 of the Swedish population have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and about 250 000 have heart failure. The two patient groups had many similar symptoms and a joint nurse-led primary care clinic for these patients could have many benefits. One of the district nurse's competences is supportive conversations with the individual patient about how they cope with their situation. The aim of this study was to compare coping ability and coping strategies among patients with COPD and patients with heart failure, and to investigate possible differences of degree of anxiety, depression, impact on the function of fatigue and breathlessness based on coping ability and the use of coping strategies. The method used was quantitative and comparative cross-sectional. Patients with COPD and patients with heart failure from three county primary care clinics were included in the study and they were asked to answer a questionnaire sent to their homes. The instruments used in this study were several, including Orientation to Life Questionnaire and the Ways of Coping Questionnaire. Results degree of SOC affected patients' estimation of the different symptoms. The conclusion was also that patients with COPD used in higher levels of different coping strategies than patients with heart failure did and the higher the degree of the different coping strategies, the higher the various symptoms were estimated, with some exceptions. Conclusion, the results are interesting and should be considered in the care of these patients in joint primary care clinics through advice and support to reduce the negative impact that COPD and heart failure have on their lives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
coping strategies, heart failure, SOC, COPD, nursing
Keyword [sv]
copingstrategier, hjärtsvikt, KASAM, KOL, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31710OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-31710DiVA: diva2:705267
Subject / course
Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing Specialisation: Public Health Care (75 ECTS credits)
Presentation
2014-01-15, Karlstad, 17:44 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-04-01 Created: 2014-03-14 Last updated: 2014-04-01Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(885 kB)833 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 885 kBChecksum SHA-512
ec3875071332827c940ad30f7e9de68491b734a954df13611e9d573ce5ee598edca0614fe9b74fae8dd1c2ed3c12ef19f56377399b8b02bd18e343c2dda59c67
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Health Sciences
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 833 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 1221 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf