Narrow-pore zeolites and zeolite-like adsorbents for CO2 separation
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
A range of porous solid adsorbents were synthesised and their ability to separate and capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from gas mixtures was examined. CO2 separation from flue gas – a type of exhaust gas from fossil fuel combustion that consists of CO2 mixed with mainly nitrogen and biogas (consists of CO2 mixed with mainly methane) were explicitly considered. The selected adsorbents were chosen partly due to their narrow pore sizes. Narrow pores can differentiate gas molecules of different sizes via a kinetic separation mechanism: a large gas molecule should find it more difficult to enter a narrow pore. CO2 has the smallest kinetic diameter in zeolites when compared with the other two gases in this study. Narrow pore adsorbents can therefore, show enhanced kinetic selectivity to adsorb CO2 from a gas mixture.
The adsorbents tested in this study included mixed cation zeolite A, zeolite ZK-4, a range of aluminophosphates and silicoaluminophosphates, as well as two types of titanium silicates (ETS-4, CTS-1). These adsorbents were compared with one another from different aspects such as CO2 capacity, CO2 selectivity, cyclic performance, working capacity, cost of synthesis, etc. Each of the tested adsorbents has its advantages and disadvantages. Serval phosphates were identified as potentially good CO2 adsorbents, but the high cost of their synthesis must be addressed in order to develop these adsorbents for applications.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Stockholm University , 2014. , 94 p.
CO2 separation, zeolites, phosphates, titanium silicates, ion exchange, flue gas CO2 capture, biogas upgrading
Research subject Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-101629ISBN: 978-91-7447-877-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-101629DiVA: diva2:704661
2014-04-28, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Wright, Paul A., Professor
Hedin, Niklas, Associate Professor
At the time of the doctoral defence the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Papers 4-8: Manuscripts.2014-04-062014-03-122014-04-02Bibliographically approved
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