"I'm loving you - and knowing it too": Aspect and so-called stative verbs
2014 (English)In: Rhesis: Linguistics and philology, ISSN 2037-4569, Vol. 4, no 1, 2-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
English verbs are generally classified as either stative or dynamic, where one of the main differences is said to be that stative verbs are inimical to the progressive aspect. Cases where such verbs do occur in the progressive are often explained away as involving a change in verb meaning. Another common approach to the progressive is to maintain that the progressive form as such can convey a range of meanings. Most commonly, a distinction is made between progressives with aspectual meaning and progressives with subjective meaning. In the present paper we take a functional-semantic approach and argue that all so-called stative verbs can potentially be used in the progressive. We further argue that the grammatical morpheme -ing has a synchronically invariant core meaning which can be pressed into service via the progressive construction to evoke a variety of messages – aspectual and expressive – depending on the context and the communicative needs of the speaker. The data used in the present paper are 132 tokens of BE loving and 66 tokens of BE knowing from the Corpus of Historical American English. Our results suggest that one reason verbs such as these are said to be inimical to the progressive is because this usage is primarily a feature of spoken
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 4, no 1, 2-22 p.
corpus linguistics, aspect, progressive, American English, stative verbs
Research subject English
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31699OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-31699DiVA: diva2:704600