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Hjärtsviktssjuka personers behov av psykosocialt stöd i hemmet
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Hjärtsvikt är en av Sveriges största folksjukdomar och en vanlig orsak till sjukhusvistelse. Kvalificerad professionell vård i hemmet kan minska antalet inneliggande vårddygn för den hjärtsviktssjuke. Lyfts inte hjärtsviktssjuka personers behov av stödjande insatser fram finns

risk för att professionella vårdare i hemmet inte uppmärksammar den sjukes behov av psykosocialt stöd. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva behovet av psykosocialt stöd för den hjärtsviktssjuke personen som vårdas i hemmet. Systematisk litteraturstudie valdes där 19 artiklar analyserades genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Det framkom två huvudkategorier; professionella stödet och det informella stödet. Resultatet beskriver behovet av stödjande insatser i form av psykosocialt stöd den hjärtsviktssjuke erfar i hemmet. Då den professionella vården gjorde en helhetsbedömning av den hjärtsviktssjuke uppmärksammades psykosociala behov hos den sjuke. Genom att stärka den inneboende förmågan med stödjande insatser kunde den sjuke hantera de psykiska symtom som hjärtsvikt medförde. För det professionella stödet var delaktighet av största vikt, delaktighet

ökade känslan av att bemästra sjukdomssituationen och stärkte värdigheten hos den sjuke. Litterturstudien riktar sig främst till distriktsköterskor i kommunal hemsjukvård och är överförbar på personer med andra palliativa sjukdomar. Vidare forskning för att få en

helhetsbild av den hjärtsviktssjukes vård i hemmet skulle vara att undersöka hur atienternas copingförmåga påverkar deras psykosociala välbefinnande.

Abstract [en]

Heart failure is one of the most common diseases and a major cause of hospitalization in Sweden. Professional health care provided at home might decrease the number of days of hospitalization for the heart failure patient. If not the heart failure patient´s need for support

takes into consideration, there is a risk that professional caregivers in the home do not pay attention to the patient`s need of psychosocial support. The purpose of this study was to describe the heart failure patient's need for psychosocial support while being cared for in the

home. A systematic literature review was chosen, 19 articles where selected and analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Two main categories revealed: professional support and informal support. Results of the study describe the supportive services in the form of psychosocial support on heart failure patient experience in the home. The professional care made a holistic assessment of the patient and they noticed psycho-social needs. By enhancing the inherent ability with supportive services, the patient could cope with the mental symptoms of heart failure. For the professional support the involvement of the supporting effort was of paramount importance. If the heart failure patient felt participating in the care, the patients

feeling of mastering the disease situation and strengthening of the dignity increased. The literature study caters mainly to district nurses in municipal home care and is transferable to persons with other palliative diseases. Further research is needed to gain an overall picture of the heart failure patient's home care would be to examine how patients' coping, affect their psychosocial well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
Heart failure, Nursing home care, Psychosocial support, Supportive services
Keyword [sv]
Hjärtsvikt, Psykosocialt stöd, Stödjande insatser, Vård i hemmet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-24826OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-24826DiVA: diva2:703981
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-03-12 Created: 2014-03-10 Last updated: 2014-03-12Bibliographically approved

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