Effects of fine woody debris on juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta) and drifting invertebrates
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In boreal forest streams, woody debris is an important habitat component. Stream invertebrates and salmonids such as brown trout benefit from in-stream wood. The studies presented in this thesis explore how drifting stream invertebrates respond to addition of fine woody debris, and how young-of-the-year (0+) brown trout behave in habitats with and without fine woody debris. The first paper reports results from a field experiment where fine woody debris was added to streams, and invertebrate drift was measured in order to detect impacts of the fine woody debris on drift density, biomass and taxon diversity. In the end of the season, the fine woody debris-affected drift samples showed higher density, biomass and taxon diversity than the control samples. In the second paper, I describe effects of fine woody debris on 0+ brown trout, studied in laboratory stream channels. Trout were tested in habitats without fine woody debris, with an intermediate fine woody debris density, and with a high fine woody debris density. Swimming activity and foraging time were significantly lower when fine woody debris was present than when it was absent. More time was spent sheltering at the high fine woody debris density than at the intermediate one. The increasing exploitation of fine woody debris for biofuel purposes should be considered in relation to the effects on brown trout and stream invertebrate habitat.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2014. , 22 p.
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2014:15
brown trout, juvenile, stream, woody debris, invertebrates, fine woody debris
Research subject Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31672ISBN: 978-91-7063-545-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-31672DiVA: diva2:703938
2014-04-29, 11D227, Universitetsg 2, Karlstad, 10:00 (English)
Griffiths, Siân, Dr
Bergman, Eva, Professor
Artikel 1 ingick i avhandlingen som manuskript med titeln "Effects of fine wood addition on invertebrate drift in boreal forest streams". Nu publicerad.2014-04-072014-03-102016-03-03Bibliographically approved
List of papers