Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE credits
This essay, Jacobsberg – a Landscape Garden and a Cemetery is a documentation and a historical analyze where I’ve been focusing on the development of the landscape garden in Sweden in relation to a garden called Jacobsberg. The garden was built close to Visby on Gotland in the early 1800s by the assessor Jacob Dubbe, but has since been almost forgotten. My survey aims to depict the circumstances surrounding the creation of Jacobsberg. In what purpose was it built? I’ve also been examine the historical context of the garden’s origins with the intention to define and confirm its architectural style.
The essay comprises two major parts, where the first part deals with the history behind Jacob Dubbe and Jacobsberg, and contains an illustration of the assessor’s life and of the garden’s original structure and shape. The chapter also comprises basic descriptions of the flora and of the different buildings in the area, and shows how the shape of the garden has been changing over the years.
The second part begins with a presentation of the present state of Jacobsberg. The review applies experiential dimensions and other observations that haven’t been visible during the literal examinations. The monuments and the fundamental structure of the garden are analyzed and explained in relation to the coeval context. The landscape garden as architectural idea, its development and variations are discussed, including its relation to the graveyard and the tomb. The section also deals with specific traditions and tendencies, such as the increasing enthusiasm for the nature and the altered attitude to the cemetery and the grieving, which were developing in Sweden and Europe during the current period.
In the final part of the second chapter I discuss the relation between Jacobsberg and the mansion Rosendal, which were the home of Jacob Dubbe and his wife. In this section I use Michel Foucaults concept heterotopia to understand and disclose concealed characteristics of the garden and to understand its function as a both reflecting and critical sphere.
The essay shows that Jacobsberg originally was a landscape garden with organized parts and a cemetery at the same time. Such structure were common in the Swedish version of the landscape garden, except from the cemetery-part, which is a quite unique component in this national form. The examination also shows that it is possible that Jacob Dubbe was the architect of his own park.
2013. , 71 p.