Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Halon Critical Uses and Alternatives: A Nordic perspective
Responsible organisation
2005 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Halons are the substances which are most harmful to the ozone layer, their potential to destroy ozone being three to ten times higher than that of CFC's (chlorofluorocarbons). Under the Montreal Protocol, halon production in the developed countries was banned from 1st. January 1994, since technically and economically feasible alternatives for the majority of uses of halons were available. EU Regulation (EC) No 2037/2000 on substances that deplete the ozone layer controlled marketing and use of halons (1211, 1301 and 2402). Exceptions were made for a list of uses of halons in areas defined in annex 7 as critical uses. This report contains information on current areas of use of halon in the Nordic countries, Denmark, the Faeroe Islands, Greenland, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The information was gathered by using contacts in the fire, security and defence fields, together with communications by mail and e-mail to other contacts and potential contacts as well as extensive Internet searching.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers , 2005. , 72 p.
TemaNord, ISSN 0908-6692 ; 2005:578
Keyword [fi]
kemikaalit, ympäristö
Keyword [da]
Kemikalier, Miljø
Keyword [is]
Efni, Umhverfi
Keyword [no]
Kjemikalier, Miljø
Research subject
Chemicals; Environment
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-1784DOI: 10.6027/TN2005-578ISBN: 92-893-1250-5OAI: diva2:702128
Available from: 2014-03-04 Created: 2014-03-04 Last updated: 2014-09-05

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(308 kB)65 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 308 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 65 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 326 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link