Fully Printed Chipless RFID Tags towards Item-Level Tracking Applications
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
An ID generating circuit is unquestionably the core of a chipless RFID tag. For convenience of printing process and cost consideration, the circuit should be kept as simple as possible. Based on the cognition, an 8-bit time-domain based ID generating circuit that merely consists of a ML and eight capacitors was offered, and implemented on photo-paper substrates via inkjet printing process. In addition to the experimental measurements, the circuit was also input into circuit simulators for cross-validation. The good agreement between simulations and measurements is observed, exhibiting the tag technical feasibility. Besides of low cost, the tag has wide compatibility with current licensed RFID spectrum, which will facilitate the future deployment in real applications.
Compared to time-domain based chipless tags, frequency signatures based chipless RFID tags are expected to offer a larger coding capacity. As a response, we presented a 10-bit frequency-domain based chipless RFID tag. The tag composed of ten configurable LC resonators was implemented on flexible polyimide substrate by using fast toner-transferring process. Field measurements revealed not only the practicability of the tag, but also the high signal to noise ratio (SNR). Another frequency domain tag consists of a configurable coplanar LC resonator. With the use of all printing process, the tag was for the first time realized on common packaging papers. The tag feasibility was confirmed by subsequent measurements. Owing to the ultra-low cost potential and large SNR, The tag may find wide applications in typical RFID solutions such as management of paper tickets for social events and governing of smart documents.
Ultra wide band (UWB) technology possesses a number of inherent merits such as high speed communication and large capacity, multi-path immunity, accurate ranging and positioning, penetration through obstacles, as well as extremely low-cost and low- power transmitters. Thus, passive UWB RFIDs are expected to play an important pole in the future identification applications for IoT. We explained the feature difference between UWB chipless tags and chip based tags, and forecasted the applications respectively based on the comparison between the two technologies. It is expected that the two technologies will coexist and compensate each other in the applications of IoT.
Lastly, the thesis ends up with brief summary of the author’s contributions, and technical prospect for the future development of printable chipless RFID tags.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. , xii, 81 p.
Chipless RFID tag, configurability, inkjet printing, time domain, frequency domain, paper substrate, tag antenna, linearly tapering, LC resonator
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142409ISBN: 978-91-7595-020-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-142409DiVA: diva2:700169
2014-03-28, Sal/hall D, KTH-ICT, Isafjordgatan 39, Kista, 14:00 (English)
Tedjini, Smail, Professor
Zheng, Lirong, Professor
QC 201403042014-03-042014-03-032014-03-04Bibliographically approved
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