The explicit algebraic subgrid-scale (SGS) stress model (EASM) of Marstorp et al. ["Explicit algebraic subgrid stress models with application to rotating channel flow," J. Fluid Mech. 639, 403-432 (2009)] and explicit algebraic SGS scalar flux model (EASFM) of Rasam et al. ["An explicit algebraic model for the subgrid-scale passive scalar flux,"J. Fluid Mech. 721, 541-577 (2013)] are extended with stochastic terms based on the Langevin equation formalism for the subgrid-scales by Marstorp et al. ["A stochastic subgrid model with application to turbulent flow and scalar mixing," Phys. Fluids 19, 035107 (2007)]. The EASM and EASFM are nonlinear mixed and tensor eddy-diffusivity models, which improve large eddy simulation (LES) predictions of the mean flow, Reynolds stresses, and scalar fluxes of wall-bounded flows compared to isotropic eddy-viscosity and eddy-diffusivity SGS models, especially at coarse resolutions. The purpose of the stochastic extension of the explicit algebraic SGS models is to further improve the characteristics of the kinetic energy and scalar variance SGS dissipation, which are key quantities that govern the small-scale mixing and dispersion dynamics. LES of turbulent channel flow with passive scalar transport shows that the stochastic terms enhance SGS dissipation statistics such as length scale, variance, and probability density functions and introduce a significant amount of backscatter of energy from the subgrid to the resolved scales without causing numerical stability problems. The improvements in the SGS dissipation predictions in turn enhances the predicted resolved statistics such as the mean scalar, scalar fluxes, Reynolds stresses, and correlation lengths. Moreover, the nonalignment between the SGS stress and resolved strain-rate tensors predicted by the EASM with stochastic extension is in much closer agreement with direct numerical simulation data.
American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2014. Vol. 26, no 5, 055113- p.