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Resurs eller problem?: En studie av hur nyanlända invandrares identitet konstrueras i den politiska diskursen
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Resource or problem? : A study of how newly arrived immigrants identity is constructed in the political discourse (English)
Abstract [sv]

Detta är en uppsats som genom diskursanalys undersöker hur den nyanlände invandrarens identitet konstrueras i samband med utformningen av etableringsreformen, en reform som trädde i kraft december 2010 med syftet att underlätta etableringen på den svenska arbetsmarknaden för vissa nyanlända invandrare, samt vilka konsekvenser denna identitetskonstruktion kan leda till. Den diskursanalytiska metod som ligger till grund för utformningen av analysen är Carol Lee Bacchis ”What’s the problem represented to be?”, vilken fokuserar på hur ett politiskt problem framställs genom att studera vilka lösningar som föreslås. Efter en noggrann genomgång av ett antal policydokument som framställdes under processen som föranledde införandet av etableringsreformen framkom det att den nyanlände invandraren i den politiska diskursen implicit framställs som omotiverad och oförmögen till att träda in på den svenska arbetsmarknaden om inte staten ingriper med åtgärder och krav, samtidigt som det svenska civilsamhällets agerande lämnas oproblematiserat. De följder detta kan få är dels att de nyanlända invandrarnas tilltro till den egna kapaciteten försvagas och dels att det civila samhällets attityd gentemot dessa riskerar att försämras. Detta är två utfall som ytterligare kan försvåra de nyanlända invandrarnas möjligheter till arbetsmarknadsetablering.

Abstract [en]

This is an essay that through discourse analysis examines how the newly arrived immigrant's identity is constructed in relation to the design of a legal reform, called the "establishment reform”, which came into force in Sweden in December 2010 with the aim to facilitate the establishment on the labor market of newly arrived immigrants. The implications of where this identity construction can lead are also discussed. The discursive analytical approach that is the basis for the design of the analysis is Carol Lee Bacchi's "What's the problem Represented to be?”, an approach that focuses on how a political problem is presented by studying the solutions that are suggested in order to solve it. After a careful review of a number of policy documents that were produced during the process that led to the entry of the establishment reform, it emerged that in the political discourse the newly arrived immigrant implicitly is portrayed as unmotivated and unable to enter the Swedish labor market unless the state intervenes with actions and demands, while problems in the behavior of Swedish civil society are left unaddressed. The impact this could have is partly that newly arrived immigrants lose confidence in their own capacities, and partly that civil society's attitudes towards immigrants may deteriorate. These are two outcomes that could further complicate the newly arrived immigrants' establishment on the labor market. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , p. 65
Keyword [en]
discourse analysis, integration, establishment reform, labor market establishment, problem representation, identity construction, Carol Lee Bacchi
Keyword [sv]
diskursanalys, integration, etableringsreformen, arbetsmarknadsetablering, problemrepresentation, identitetskonstruktion, Carol Lee Bacchi
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31600OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-31600DiVA, id: diva2:699717
Subject / course
Political Science
Educational program
Political Science (180 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-02-28 Created: 2014-02-28 Last updated: 2014-02-28Bibliographically approved

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