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UV pretreatment of Alkaline Bleaching Wastewater from a Kraft Pulp and Paper Mill prior to Anaerobic Digestion in a Lab scale UASB Reactor
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The effects of UV pretreatment on alkaline bleaching (EOP) wastewater from a kraft pulp and paper mill were investigated prior to anaerobic digestion (AD) in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. The aim was to enhance the methane production, increase the reduction of total organic carbon (TOC) and determine the best UV exposure time. The exposure time of 2.6 minutes partially degraded the organic material in the EOP wastewater since it generated higher biogas and methane production than the reference period, while it also increased the reductions of solved chemical oxygen demand (CODsol) and TOCsol. The exposure time of 16 minutes, on the other hand, did not show any significant improvement regarding increased biogas and methane production nor did it increase the reduction of CODsol. However, it did increase the reduction of TOCsol, but not to the same extent as the exposure time of 2.6 minutes. The presence of unwanted microbial growth in the system during the experiment might have affected the effectiveness of the UV pretreatment more during the exposure time of 16 minutes as the amount of growth was more substantial during this period of time. Furthermore, no optimal exposure time could be determined due to lack of time. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
Anaerobic digestion, biogas, UV pretreatment, UV/H2O2, UASB, EOP wastewater, lignin, kraft pulp and paper mill
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104766ISRN: LIU-TEMAV/KB-17-14/001-SEOAI: diva2:698917
External cooperation
Scandinavian Biogas Fuels AB
Subject / course
Chemical Biology
Available from: 2014-02-26 Created: 2014-02-25 Last updated: 2014-02-26Bibliographically approved

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Master thesis, Marielle Karlsson(1905 kB)204 downloads
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