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Förbrukningsreduktion: Ett alternativ till gasturbiner som snabb aktiv störningsreserv?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Consumption reduction : An alternative solution to gas turbines as a secondary reserve? (English)
Abstract [en]

The gas turbines in the Swedish secondary reserve are reaching the end of their technical lifetime, hence alternative solutions need to be considered. One of the solutions thought to have the greatest potential is the use of so called consumptionreduction. By entering contracts with large consumers, agreements are made to reduce consumption in the event of major disturbances in the power system and thus being used as a secondary reserve. This thesis investigates the feasibility of consumption reduction as part of the secondary reserve. This has been achieved by developing a requirement specification for the disturbance reserve and by studying the technical and economic potential for consumption reduction among a range of consumers.The technical potential for consumption reduction that fulfils the requirements for participating in the secondary reserve are on average 750 MW in SE 3 and 98 MW in SE 4. The result of this study shows that consumption reduction could work as a supplement to the gas turbines, but could not entirely replace the current solution. Furthermore, replacing the gas turbines would cause loss of features such as black start and automatic frequency regulation. Nevertheless, consumption reduction is considered as a workable solution for the disturbance reserve that is both cheaper and more environmentally friendly. Before launching consumption reduction as a reserve, a market model has to be developed, taking the findings of this thesis into account: high electricity prices have negative effect on availability and that low liquidity on the market causes short endurance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 96 p.
UPTEC STS, ISSN 1650-8319 ; 14005
Keyword [sv]
Förbrukningsreduktion, snabb aktiv störningsreserv, efterfrågeflexibilitet, gasturbiner, ekonomiskt potential, tekniskt potential
National Category
Embedded Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-219151OAI: diva2:698567
External cooperation
Svenska kraftnät
Educational program
Systems in Technology and Society Programme
Available from: 2014-02-28 Created: 2014-02-24 Last updated: 2014-02-28Bibliographically approved

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