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Det talas om utbrändhet: vilken roll spelar maktstrukturen
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this paper we investigate whether power structures in organizations have an influence in the process that leads to burnout. We analyze if these power structures affect the individual’s health condition toward burnout in a way that leads to disability and subsequent absence from work. In the study, six persons who all have been unable to work due to burnout have been studied through qualitative, semi-structured interviews. The material have been coded with three different themes; leadership and hierarchy, responsibility and delegation of responsibility and performance and loyalty. These themes have been analyzed with Walter Korpi’s (1985) theory of power and power resources and Johan Asplund’s (2004) theory of social responsivity. Both theories may be associated with power structures in organizations. The result shows that organizational power structures do affect the process towards burnout in such a way that the ability of the individual to activate power resources to influence its situation is diminished and that the individual eventually loses his/her ability altogether. Further, we reached the conclusion that one of the basic factors that lead to burnout is the lack of power resources in the individual’s work situation.

Abstract [sv]

I denna studie undersöker vi om maktstrukturer i organisationer har en inverkan i utbrändhetsprocessen som leder till utbrändhet. Syftet är att undersöka om maktstrukturer inom organisationer påverkar individens utbrändhetsprocess på så sätt att det leder till sjukskrivning. I studien har sex personer, som alla varit sjukskrivna för utbrändhet, intervjuats genom kvalitativa, semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Intervjumaterialet har kodats med hjälp av tre olika teman; ledarskap och hierarki, ansvar och ansvarsfördelning och prestation och lojalitet och sedan analyserats utifrån Walter Korpis (1985) teori om makt och maktresurser samt Johan Asplunds (2004) teori om social responsivitet. Båda teorierna kan kopplas till maktstrukturer i organisationer. Resultatet visar på att maktstrukturer i organisationer påverkar utbrändhetsprocessen hos individen på så sätt att förmågan att påverka sin situation försvagas och att individen till slut mister förmågan helt. Vidare kom vi fram till att en av de grundläggande faktorerna som leder till utbrändhet är bristen av maktresurser som individen innehar i sin arbetssituation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Burnout, power resources, leadership, responsibility and loyalty
Keyword [sv]
Utbrändhet, maktresurser, ledarskap, ansvar, lojalitet
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-22275OAI: diva2:697168
Subject / course
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2014-02-18 Created: 2014-02-17 Last updated: 2014-02-18Bibliographically approved

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