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Jämfört med många äldre, har jag en drömtillvaro: En kvalitativ studie om upplevd livskvalitet bland äldre personer i behov av omsorg
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 210 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Compared to other elderly, I have a dream life : A qualitative study about quality of life among elderly persons in need of care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka faktorer av betydelse för en upplevd livskvalitet bland äldre personer i behov av omsorg. Studien har en hermeneutisk ansats. Data samlades in via enskilda djupintervjuer med fyra äldre personer boende på ett trygghetsboende i en värmländsk kommun. Hälsa, aktivitet och intressen, anhöriga och vänner, boende samt acceptans av sitt eget liv och åldrande var faktorer av betydelse.

 

Hälsan beskrevs utifrån två olika dimensioner, som faktiskt hälsostatus och subjektivt upplevd hälsa. Att vara delaktig i aktivitet och utföra sina intressen var viktigt för de äldre. Resultaten visade att de äldres tidigare intressen var viktiga att bevara, även om det var i en annan omfattning – radio och tv gav dem möjlighet till fortsatt bejakande av intressen. Respondenterna upplevde att de var tätt sammanflätade med sina anhöriga och det var av stor betydelse för dem att vara delaktiga i deras liv genom att exempelvis få telefonsamtal samt besök. Boendeformen tillskrevs stor betydelse utifrån trygghet och möjlighet till avslappning. De äldre hade inte längre ansvar för praktiska göromål, som exempelvis snöskottning och andra hemsysslor. Acceptans av sitt eget liv och åldrande hade stor vikt för upplevelsen av livskvalitet. De äldre personerna beskrev att de kunde acceptera och hantera negativa händelser i nuet om livet i sin helhet sammanfattades av dem själva som positivt. Att lämna över personligt värdefulla ting till sina barn beskrevs av respondenterna som något mycket viktigt.

 

Resultaten tolkades utifrån gerotranscendensteorin och KASAM för att nå en bredare förståelse för de äldres upplevelse av livskvalitet

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate determinants of a perceived quality of life among older persons in need of care. The study has a hermeneutical approach. Data were collected through individual interviews with four older people living at a sheltered housing in a municipality in Värmland. Health, activity and interests, relatives and friends, accommodation and acceptance of one's own life and aging were relevant factors.

 

Health was described in two different dimensions, which are actually health status and subjective perceived health. To participate in the activity and performance of their interests was important for the elderly. Results showed that the elderly former interests were important to preserve, even if it was on a different scale - radio and television gave them the opportunity for continued affirmation of interests. Respondents felt that they were interwoven with his family and it was important for them to be involved in their lives, for example by getting phone calls and visits. Housing form was ascribed great importance on the basis of security and opportunity for relaxation. The elderly no longer had responsibility for practical tasks, such as snow shoveling and other chores. Acceptance of one's own life and aging had great importance for the perception of quality of life. The elderly subjects stated that they could accept and deal with negative events in the present moment of life as a whole was summed up by themselves as well. To hand over personal valuable things to their children was described by respondents as something very important.

 

The results were interpreted on the basis gerotranscendens theory and SOC to reach a broader understanding of older people's experience of life

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , p. 36
Keyword [en]
Quality of life, elderly, care, health, SOC, gerotranscendence
Keyword [sv]
Livskvalitet, äldre, omsorg, hälsa, KASAM, gerotranscendens
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31448OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-31448DiVA: diva2:696459
Subject / course
Socialt arbete
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Social Work (210 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-03-20 Created: 2014-02-13 Last updated: 2014-03-20Bibliographically approved

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