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Engendering Spatial Planning: A Gender Perspective on Municipal Climate Change Response
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

While climate change mitigation has been on the agenda of spatial planning practitioners for over two decades, adaptation has only become influential in spatial planning practice in recent years. This trend is evident not only at the municipal levelbut also at the regional and national levels. The revised planning and building law from 2011 states that municipalities must consider climate change. In parallel, a body of research focusing on the relationship between gender and concern for environmental and climate change and arguing that women are more concerned and proactive with respect to environmental issues has emerged. However, this research has been criticized for being essentialist and for stigmatizing women and men. The long-term aim of the present dissertation is to contribute to knowledge on how a gender perspective on municipal spatial planning can contribute to efficient and well-informed climate change response, as well as on how a gender perspective, as an analytical framework, can be developed to analyze, on the one hand, spatial planning related to climate change and, on the other, spatial planning more generally. One of the main contributions of my dissertation is to demonstrate that, by including a gender perspective in municipal climate change response, aspects that may be important for achieving efficient and well-informed spatial planning related to climate change response that are not typically prioritized can be afforded prominent places on the agenda. In this dissertation, I refer to these aspects as feminine values and perspectives—or attributes. I also contribute to the development of an analytical framework that can be used by policy makers and scientists to assess how a gender perspective is and can be integrated within municipal spatial planning processes related to climate change response, as well as spatial planning more generally. Furthermore, in addition to the development of efficient and well-informed responses, a dimension of gender equality must be considered. My dissertation contributes to the understanding that planners who adopt a gender perspective must consider the general level of gender equality in a country. Although the primary objective of this dissertation is to contribute to the development of efficient and well-informed policy, issues of equality and democracy cannot be overlooked. As I argue in my dissertation, participatory approaches to spatial planning are imperative for municipal efforts related to climate change. Nonetheless, participatory approaches require spatial planners to ensure that democracy and equality, on the one hand, and efficient and well-informed policy delivery, on the other, do not conflict.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. , p. 68
Series
TRITA-SOM, ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2013:14
Keyword [en]
Spatial planning, climate change, gender perspective
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141206ISBN: 978-91-7501-902-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-141206DiVA: diva2:695786
Public defence
2014-03-28, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20140214

Available from: 2014-02-14 Created: 2014-02-12 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Adapting to Climate Change in Swedish Planning Practice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adapting to Climate Change in Swedish Planning Practice
2012 (English)In: Journal of planning education and research, ISSN 0739-456X, E-ISSN 1552-6577, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 108-119Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mitigation measures, especially municipal energy infrastructure transformation, have been the focus of Sweden’s climate change responses. Recently, adaptation measures have grown in priority and planners are challenged to integrate mitigation and adaptation. In our study, we observe how synergies and conflicts in adaptation, mitigation, and other social and economic dimensions of spatial planning are grappled with in municipalities. We draw primarily from interviews with municipal planners and regional agencies as well as a review of policy documents. Our conclusion is that municipalities could be assisted in their climate change planning by stronger regional and national involvement.

Keyword
adaptation, climate change, environment, mitigation, municipalities, spatial planning, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141203 (URN)10.1177/0739456X12463943 (DOI)000317622800008 ()2-s2.0-84873674542 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20140214

Available from: 2014-02-12 Created: 2014-02-12 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
2. Gendered dimensions of climate change response in Swedish municipalities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered dimensions of climate change response in Swedish municipalities
2013 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 18, no 9, p. 1066-1078Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article elaborates on and discusses gendered dimensions of climate change response in Swedish municipalities. There are indications that attitudes and behaviour to the environment and climate change are gendered. This evidence together with our own work further indicates that gender awareness is most probably an important influence on how municipalities respond to climate change. The aim of this study was to investigate if and how gendered aspects of climate change response are integrated in the Swedish response to climate change. The potential causal relationships between a high level of awareness of the gendered aspects of climate change and the levels of climate change response were investigated. We asked whether there is a positive relationship between gender awareness and the quality of the communities’ climate change policies and practice. Indications of such a relationship prompt a change in research priorities – paying more attention to gender – and in subsequent policy developments.

Keyword
gender; power; environment; climate change; spatial planning; Swedish municipalities
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141204 (URN)10.1080/13549839.2012.752802 (DOI)2-s2.0-84885182816 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20140214

Available from: 2014-02-12 Created: 2014-02-12 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
3. Engendering Climate Change: The Swedish Experience of a Global Citizens Consultation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Engendering Climate Change: The Swedish Experience of a Global Citizens Consultation
2014 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 161-181Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on gender dimensions of climate change response is needed if we are to succeed in providing decision-makers with a relevant scientific basis for climate change policy. Although action at the municipal level has become a high priority for Swedish climate change response, knowledge of how gender perspectives affect that response is scarce. This paper contributes knowledge of how to integrate a gender perspective in planning for climate change response, through the modification and application of a system of gender categorization that was originally developed for evaluating the World Bank's performance of environmental impact assessments. That system is used, in this paper, to analyse the Swedish component of a global citizen consultation, World Wide Views on Global Warming. The research is based on analysis of our participation in the World Wide Views as well as interviews and documentation. A conclusion from our analysis is that the Swedish part of the citizen consultation was driven by an approach that, according to the system of gender categorization, strongly demonstrated both feminine and masculine attributes. The results show that an approach that incorporates not only masculine attributes, but also feminine ones, is likely to generate a more robust and concrete climate change response.

Keyword
Gender, climate change, planning
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141205 (URN)10.1080/1523908X.2013.824379 (DOI)000338010500002 ()2-s2.0-84902504755 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20140618

Available from: 2014-02-12 Created: 2014-02-12 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
4. An international perspective of the gender dimension in planning for urban safety
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An international perspective of the gender dimension in planning for urban safety
2012 (English)In: The urban fabric of crime and fear / [ed] Vania Ceccato, Springer Netherlands, 2012, p. 311-339Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to illustrate how gender is incorporated into urban planning practices when urban safety is the main goal. The empirical material is from case studies in Austria, Finland, Sweden and the UK gathered by semi-structured interview with key actors identified through a snowball sampling procedure. The case studies focus mostly on perceived safety in public places. Although the cases differ in nature and are embedded in different contexts, safety is often promoted by interventions that deal with the characteristics of the urban environment, either at the planning stage of new housing developments or making changes to existing neighbourhood features. The cases often employ participatory schemes and safety audits even where rational planning dominates. The article concludes by proposing an agenda that may be of relevance to planners and practitioners dealing with safety and gender issues at the municipal level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2012
Keyword
safety, gender, urban planning, case studies
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-61645 (URN)10.1007/978-94-007-4210-9_13 (DOI)978-94-007-4209-3 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20130823

Available from: 2012-01-17 Created: 2012-01-17 Last updated: 2014-02-14Bibliographically approved

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