Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Kamratkulturer på förskolan.: En observationsstudie kring 1-3 åringars lek i förskolans vardag
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Peer cultures in the preschool. : An observational study about toddler’s play in everyday preschool life (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose with this study was to find out about the preschool toddler’s peer-cultures. I also wanted to understand how these peer-cultures were shown.

My questions are as following:

  • What is it that the children interpretive and reproduce in their play?
  • How do children gain access to play?
  • How do children exclude each other?
  • What position of status can be seen in children´s play?

I used observations as the method to find the answer to these questions. These observations where implemented during five occasions at two different preschools. Through these observations I have been able to see that peer cultures do exist among these children and that children uses different strategies to get access to play and to exclude one another. The children exclude others by simply telling: no you cannot play with us. To get access to the play, children used to circle the interaction and then use a nonverbal entry.

Teachers must be aware of the fact that children with higher status wants to decide over the others, which been clear to me during this study. With this knowledge teachers will be able to prevent children from exclusion at all time.

Abstract [sv]

Mitt examensarbete handlar om kamratkulturer på småbarnsavdelningen, alltså barnen i åldern 1-3 år. Jag ville se hur kamratkulturer visade sig bland dessa barn.

Mina frågeställningar var:

  •  Vad är det barnen tolkar och reproducerar i sin lek?
  •  Hur gör barn för att få tillträde till lek?
  •  Vilka olika uteslutningsmetoder använder barn?
  •  Vilka statuspositioner syns i leken?

För att ta reda på detta använde jag mig av observation som metod. Dessa observationer genomfördes vid 5 tillfällen på två olika förskolor. Genom dessa observationer har jag sett att kamratkulturer förekommer bland de yngsta barnen. Jag har kunnat se att barnen använder sig av olika strategier till tillträde samt olika metoder till uteslutning. Barnen utesluter genom att antingen säga: ”nej du får inte vara med” eller att putta bort barnet som utesluts. Det fanns även strategier för tillträde, där det var vanligast att barnen gjorde en icke-verbal entré i samband med att de omringade lekutrymmet.

Det har även blivit tydlig för mig att det barn som har högre status i gruppen bestämmer och det gäller då för pedagogerna att vara medvetna om detta. Genom detta kan vi hjälpa barn att inte alltid bli uteslutna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Preschool, peer cultures, access play, excluding play, positions of status, toddlers.
Keyword [sv]
Förskola, kamratkulturer, tillträdesstrategier, uteslutningsmetoder, statuspositioner, småbarnsavdelning
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-31321OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-31321DiVA: diva2:695043
Subject / course
Pedagogy
Educational program
Teacher education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-02-27 Created: 2014-02-09 Last updated: 2014-02-28Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Kamratkulturer på förskolan(876 kB)1142 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 876 kBChecksum SHA-512
5a4d0e8adff7cb30b9a725e4dffc86eb5aa80c5a549f2b95f61923e23f3e87b0cabd459aa6e4fcd763cfffe701206fc4642c0c3443d4b253311d92a72b62a44c
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Educational Studies
Pedagogy

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1142 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 440 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf