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Historical responsibility for climate change: science and the science-policy interface
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1912-5538
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Rossby Centre, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute; Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, ISSN 1757-7780, E-ISSN 1757-7799, Vol. 5, no 3, 297-316 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since 1990, the academic literature on historical responsibility (HR) for climate change has grown considerably. Over these years, the approaches to defining this responsibility have varied considerably. This article demonstrates how this variation can be explained by combining various defining aspects of historical contribution and responsibility. Scientific knowledge that takes for granted choices among defining aspects will likely become a basis for distrust within science, among negotiators under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and elsewhere. On the other hand, for various reasons, not all choices can be explicated at all times. In this article, we examine the full breadth of complexities involved in scientifically defining HR and discuss how these complexities have consequences for the science–policy interface concerning HR. To this end, we review and classify the academic literature on historical contributions to and responsibility for climate change into categories of defining aspects. One immediately policy-relevant conclusion emerges from this exercise: Coupled with negotiators’ highly divergent understandings of historical responsibility, the sheer number of defining aspects makes it virtually impossible to offer scientific advice without creating distrust in certain parts of the policy circle. This conclusion suggests that scientific attempts to narrow the options for policymakers will have little chance of succeeding unless policymakers first negotiate a clearer framework for historical responsibility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2014. Vol. 5, no 3, 297-316 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104040DOI: 10.1002/wcc.270ISI: 000334589500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-104040DiVA: diva2:694451
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2014-02-06 Created: 2014-02-06 Last updated: 2017-07-14

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Friman, Mathias

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