The effect of lithium-intercalation on the mechanical properties of carbon fibres
2014 (English)In: Carbon, ISSN 0008-6223, E-ISSN 1873-3891, Vol. 68, 725-733 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Carbon fibres (CFs) can be used as lightweight structural electrodes since they have high specific tensile stiffness and ultimate tensile strength (UTS), and high lithium (Li)-intercalation capability. This paper investigates the relationship between the amount of intercalated Li and the changes induced in the tensile stiffness and UTS of polyacrylonitrile-based CF tows. After a few electrochemical cycles the stiffness was not degraded and independent of the measured capacity. A drop in the UTS of lithiated CFs was only partly recovered during delithiation and clearly larger at the highest measured capacities, but remained less than 40% at full charge. The reversibility of this drop with the C-rate and measured capacity supports that the fibres are not damaged, that some Li is irreversibly trapped in the delithiated CFs and that reversible strains develop in the fibre. However, the drop in the strength does not vary linearly with the measured capacity and the drop in the ultimate tensile strain remains lower than the CF longitudinal expansion at full charge. These results suggest that the loss of strength might relate to the degree of lithiation of defectives areas which govern the tensile failure mode of the CFs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 68, 725-733 p.
Electrochemical cycle, Lithium Intercalation, Longitudinal expansions, Loss of strength, Reversible strain, Tensile failures, Tensile stiffness, Ultimate tensile strength
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140797DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2013.11.056ISI: 000330814200074ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84891558526OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-140797DiVA: diva2:693104
FunderSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research , RMA08-0002Swedish Research Council, 621-2012-3764
QC 201402032014-02-032014-01-312015-05-13Bibliographically approved