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Relationens betydelse i klientarbetet inom missbruksvård: En kvalitativ studie utifrån ett socialarbetarperspektiv
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this particular study was to examine the client relationship as described by social workers during the ongoing process of addiction treatment in conjunction with the effects on creating these relationships as affected by government stipulations. As a basis for the study, qualitative interviews were conducted with five separate social workers in the course of their work within addiction treatment. Results from the study were analyzed by means of power and dramaturgically roll theory. The social workers stated that it was of the utmost importance to create a good relationship in order to effectively help the client. The social workers further stated that a good relationship was characterized by the virtues of cooperation, trust, and confidence. Furthermore the abilities of a social worker must include empathy, sensitivity and strong social skills in order to create a positive relationship. Social workers experienced the power they possess as a barrier as well as an opportunity in their relationship with clients. A good relation with clients were described as qualification in the work with clients and the client experienced the power that the social workers possess as less evident in the meeting with the social workers.

Abstract [sv]

Uppsatsens syfte var att undersöka hur socialarbetare beskrev relationer till klienter i arbetet med missbruksvård samt hur möjligheten att praktisera myndighetsutövning påverkade relationsskapandet med klienter. Som underlag för studien genomfördes kvalitativa intervjuer med fem socialarbetare inom missbruksvården. Resultatet från studien analyserades med hjälp av maktperspektiv och dramaturgiskt rollteori. Socialarbetarna upplevde att relationen till klienter hade en avgörande betydelse för att kunna hjälpa. Goda klientrelationer kännetecknas av samarbete, tillit och förtroende. Individuella förmågor hos socialarbetaren som empati, lyhördhet och social kompetens var viktigt i relationsskapandet. Socialarbetarna upplevde maktutövningen både som hinder och möjligheter i klientrelationer. En god klientrelation beskrevs som en förutsättning i hjälparbetet med klienter och bidrog till att klienten upplevde makten mindre påtagligt i mötet med socialarbetaren.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 49 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-16232Archive number: SGSMK-2013-2OAI: diva2:692383
Subject / course
Educational program
Social work
2014-01-16, 51:317, Kungsbäcksvägen 47, Gävle, 09:30 (Swedish)
Available from: 2014-02-07 Created: 2014-01-30 Last updated: 2014-02-07Bibliographically approved

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