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Usability of the SAFEWAY2SCHOOL system in children with cognitive disabilities
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center. Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA, Australia .
Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA, Australia .
Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden .
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, VTI, Linköping, Sweden .
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2013 (English)In: European Transport Research Review, ISSN 1867-0717, E-ISSN 1866-8887, Vol. 6, no 2, 127-137 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


SAFEWAY2SCHOOL is a programme based on several systems for the enhancement of school transportation safety for children. The aim of the study was to explore whether children with cognitive disabilities will notice, realise, understand, trust and accept the SAFEWAY2SCHOOL system and act in accordance with its instructions.


Fourteen children with cognitive disabilities and a control group of 23 children were shown five videos of scenarios involving journeys to and from school. During the first viewing visual scanning patterns were recorded with an eye tracking device. After a second viewing the participant was asked ten questions per scenario. Five questions addressed what the children saw on the video, and the remaining five what they would need to know and/or do within the scenario. Additional ratings of trust, likability, acceptability and usability were also collected.


Very few differences were found in the visual scanning patterns of children with disabilities compared to children who participated in the control group. Of the 50 questions regarding what children saw or needed to know and/or do, only one significant difference between groups was found. No significant differences were found regarding self-reported ratings of trust, acceptability or usability of the system. Despite some significant differences across five of the 11 likability aspects, ratings were consistently high for both groups.


Children with cognitive disabilities proved that the SAFEWAY2SCHOOL system is as useful for them as it was for children in the control group. However, a valid estimation of the full utility of SAFEWAY2SCHOOL requires in situ testing of the system with these children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013. Vol. 6, no 2, 127-137 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, Eye tracking, School, Traffic safety, Transport
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103766DOI: 10.1007/s12544-013-0117-xOAI: diva2:691165
Available from: 2014-01-27 Created: 2014-01-27 Last updated: 2015-10-13Bibliographically approved

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Falkmer, Torbjörn
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