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‘Almost all teachers dislike questions, they don’t want many questions’: An investigation of social practice taking place between teachers and students within the Tanzanian classroom.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]


This paper describes an analysis of social practice taking place between teachers and students within the classroom in a Tanzanian Secondary School. The aim of this contemporary study is to describe and explain classroom interaction with respect to existing role patterns and frame factors. The studied material consists primarily of collected data from classroom observations, with concentration on one class in form one and five single teachers. In addition to the observation method the investigation is also based on complementary informant study where five students within the observed class were interviewed.  An analysis consisting of categorisation, description, and explanation of the different variables of verbal and written communication is expected to yield information about the social practice within the Tanzanian classroom. Such information will aid in addressing a potential connection between pattern of roles and certain frame factors.


The results of the observations imply that the teacher has the most active role; the teaching was almost entirely based on the use of direct, reproductive, teacher-centered methods leaving diminutive room for student moves.  A notably high frequency of questions of a reproductive form, where students merely had to emulate the teacher, was discovered. Even though students were rarely addressed with questions of an open form, observations and interviews reveal students’ eager to break free from their constrained roles. What occurred to be a fixed pattern of steered activities turned out to be highly dynamical process. Considering relevant frame factors, there are reasons to believe that the Tanzanian classroom interaction is about to shift from a monologic to a dialogic classroom discourse; making this a highly interesting matter to investigate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 36 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, 2013ht00584
Keyword [en]
classroom interaction, situated roles, frame factors, reproduction
National Category
Educational Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-216816OAI: diva2:690991
Subject / course
Educational Sciences
Educational program
Teacher Education Programme
Available from: 2014-01-27 Created: 2014-01-26 Last updated: 2014-01-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

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