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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av familjecentrerad neonatalvård - en pilotstudie
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

På sjukhus i Sverige arbetar sjuksköterskor på neonatalavdelningar med att ta hand om de allra minsta barnen och deras speciella behov. Barnen är i behov av specialistsjukvård, ibland intensivvårdskrävande med högteknologisk utrustning, samtidigt som de behöver påbörja den viktiga anknytningen till sin familj. Sjuksköterskor behöver specialkompetens för att arbeta i den krävande vårdmiljön, där de skall ta hand om ett vårdkrävande barn samt familjen till barnet och arbeta familjecentrerat. Syftet med studien var att belysa sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av att arbeta med familjecentrerad neonatalvård. Fokusgruppsintervjuer genomfördes som senare analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet presenteras i fyra kategorier ” familjen i centrum”, ”sjuksköterskans roll”, ”sjuksköterskans inställning” och ”miljöns betydelse”. Av resultatet framkom att familjecentrerad neonatalvård ställer höga krav på personalen som arbetar där samt att miljöns utformning är av betydelse. Personalen måste vara lyhörd för såväl barnets behov som föräldrarnas, i en vårdmiljö som inte alltid är ändamålsenligt utformad. I framtida utbyggnad av familjecentrerad neonatalvård är det önskvärt att ta del av den erfarenhet som finns bland så väl sjuksköterskor som föräldrar för att få framtidens familjecentrerade neonatalvård så god som möjligt. 

Abstract [en]

At hospitals in Sweden, nurses are working in neonatal units caring for the youngest infants and their special needs. The infants are in need of specialist care, sometimes even intensive care with high technology equipment, at the same time the infants needs to start improve the important connection to his family. The nurses needs specialized skills to be able to work in these demanding healthcare environment. They are supposed to take care of infants with special needs, care for the family and do this with focus on family centered care. The aim of this study was to illuminate nurses ‘experiences of working at neonatal care units engaged to family centered care. The interviews were conducted in focus groups. They were subsequently analyzed by qualitative content analysis. The results are presented in four categories “the family in the center”, “nurses´ role”, “nurses´ attitude” and “importance of the environment”. The result showed that it requires a lot from the nurses, but also from the environment that prevails. The nurses need to be responsive as well to the needs of the infant as to the family’s needs, in an environment which is not always made for its intended use. In future expansion of family centered neonatal care units, it´s desirable to take advantage of the experiences that exists among nurses as well as parents, to make the future family centered neonatal care units as good as possible. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
Family centered care, neonatal care, nurses´ experiences
Keyword [sv]
Familjecentrerad vård, neonatalvård, sjuksköterskors erfarenheter
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-24410OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-24410DiVA: diva2:689228
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-01-23 Created: 2014-01-20 Last updated: 2014-01-23Bibliographically approved

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