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Improving Waste Management Education in Schools in Moldova: Sustainable waste management in schools related to societal and organizational barriers
KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Poor waste management is a major issue in Moldova today, why work has been made in several areas to resolve waste problems. Still, there is no organized form of sustainable waste management. In case of implementation of such a system, the citizens must know how to use the system and be aware of the consequences that are caused by poor waste management. As a part of this, waste management education in schools has an important role. Therefore this study seeks the relation between waste management and waste management education in schools in Chisinau and also how the conditions in society affect the waste management and waste management education. Based on this, some efforts regarding how waste management in schools can become more sustainable are described.Literature studies showed that an integrative whole-school approach regarding sustainability is a good approach for encouraging action competence in environmental problems, including waste management issues. In order to study the current conditions regarding waste management education and school waste management, four schools in Chisinau were visited where observations and interviews were made. Interviews were also made with some relevant authorities and organizations to complement collected information from school visits. Field studies showed that even though environmental education in Moldova to some extent has been implemented with an interdisciplinary strategy, there are several barriers that affect the effectiveness of this strategy. In addition, waste related problems were blamed on society rather than an insufficient waste management education in schools.The conclusion of the study is that a whole-school concept may be implemented in schools in Chisinau in order to make school waste management more sustainable. This way waste management is taught informally as part of the school environment. To implement this concept, internal and external effortswithin the areas school organization, equipment and education are suggested. A more extensive approach on educational improvements necessary for the concept’s effectiveness will be described in another study on the same topic performed by Julia Skagerberg.

Abstract [sv]

Bristfällig avfallshantering är ett stort problem i Moldavien idag. Åtgärder har gjorts inom flera områden för att nå en lösning på avfallsproblem relaterade till detta, dock finns det fortfarande ingen organiserad form av hållbar avfallsantering. Utifall ett sådant system implementeras så behöver invånarna veta hur de använder systemet. De behöver också vara medvetna om de konsekvenser som orsakas av bristfällig avfallshantering. I detta har utbildningen om avfallshantering i skolor en viktig roll. Den här studien söker relationen mellan avfallshantering och utbildning om avfallshantering i skolor i Chisinau och även hur samhällets förutsättningar påverkar avfallshantering och utbildning om avfallshantering. Baserat på detta ges några förslag på åtgärder som kan bidra till att avfallshanteringen i skolorna i Chisinau kan bli mer hållbar.Litteraturstudierna visade att utbildning om hållbar utveckling bör integreras genom en helskolsmodell för att studenter ska få utveckla handlingskraft gällande miljöproblem, inklusive avfallshanteringsproblem. För att studera de nuvarande förutsättningarna gällande avfallshantering samt utbildning om avfallshantering i skolor så besöktes fyra skolor i Chisinau, där observationer och intervjuer gjordes. Intervjuer gjordes också med några relevanta myndigheter och organisationer för att komplettera den insamlade informationen från skolbesöken. Fältstudierna visade att även om miljöutbildning i Moldavien till viss del har implementerats med en ämnesöverskridande strategi, så finns det ett flertal faktorer som påverkar strategins verkan. Samtidigt så beskylldes avfallsrelateradeproblemen ofta på samhället snarare än på en bristfällig utbildning om miljö och avfallshantering.Studiens slutsats är att en helskolsmodell kan implementeras i skolor i Chisinau för att göra avfallshanteringen mer hållbar. Genom detta kan avfallshantering läras ut informellt, som en del av skolmiljön. För att implementera denna modell föreslås några åtgårder inom områdena skolorganisation, utrustning och utbildning. En mer utförlig redogörelse för nödvändiga utbildningsmässiga förbättringar, som krävs för att modellen ska fungera optimalt, kommer beskrivas i en annan studie på samma ämne utförd av Julia Skagerberg.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
education for sustainable development, environmental education, waste management, schools, Moldova.
Keyword [sv]
utbildning för hållbar utveckling, miljöutbildning, avfallshantering, skolor, Moldavien
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140227OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-140227DiVA: diva2:689195
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Engineering and of Education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-01-20 Created: 2014-01-20 Last updated: 2014-01-20Bibliographically approved

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