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Postoperativ smärta hos barn på en kirurgavdelning: En kvantitativ studie baserad på ett enkätunderlag
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Studier har visat sig att barns postoperativa smärta i många fall är otillräckligt behandlad och barnen upplever ofta smärta som något obehagligt och skrämmande. Barn kan påverkas negativt av smärta och de kan utveckla skadliga beteendeförändringar efter en operation på grund av otillräckligt behandlad postoperativ smärta.

Syfte: Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur barnen, på en specifik kirurgavdelning, mår under det första dygnet efter en operation då de blivit sövda, avseende deras postoperativa smärta. Om möjligt ska grupper som har ökad risk för otillräcklig postoperativ smärtlindring försöka identifieras.

Metod: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie baserad på ett konsekutivt urval. Deltagarna består av barn på en kirurgavdelning i åldrarna 4-16 år som alla har genomgått en operation där de blivit sövda. De har fått besvara en enkät om sin smärta ett dygn efter operation.

Resultat: I studien deltog 32 barn med en medelålder på 9,25 år. Medelvärdet av smärta just nu var 2,59. Medelvärdet av smärta som mest var 7,56. Medelvärdet av minsta smärtan var 1,03. De äldre barnen skattade sin smärta högre än de yngre. Pojkarna skattade sin smärta högre än flickorna. Allmän kirurgi skattade sin smärta högre än de andra kirurgityperna vid två av tillfällena. Urologi skattade sin smärta högst vid ett av tillfällena. Alla deltagande barn uppgav att den ordinerade smärtlindringen hjälpte. Inga signifikanta skillnader kunde ses mellan könen, åldrarna eller de olika kirurgityperna.

Slutsats: En större studie, med fler tillfrågade barn, hade gett ett tydligare resultat. Mer forskning behövs inom området. Sjuksköterskorna måste bli bättre på att använda sig av smärtskattningsskalor.

Abstract [en]

Background: It has been shown that children's postoperative pain, in many cases, is inadequately treated. The children often experience pain as something unpleasant and frightening. Children might be affected in destructive ways by the pain and they can develop adverse behavioral changes because of inadequately treated postoperative pain.

Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate how the children, at a specific surgical ward, are feeling during the first day after a surgery where they have been anesthetized, regarding their postoperative pain. Groups with increased risk of inadequate postoperative pain treatment are

Method: A quantitative cross-sectional study based on a consecutive sample. The participants consist of children on a surgical ward aged 4-16 years who all had surgery where they were anesthetized. They have answered a questionnaire one day after the surgery.

Results: 32 children participated in the study. Their mean age was 9.25 years. The mean of pain right now was 2.59. The mean of the worst pain was 7.56. The mean of the minimum pain was 1.03. The older kids rated their pain higher than the younger ones. The boys rated their pain higher than the girls. General surgery rated their pain higher than the other surgery types at two occasions. Urology rated their pain highest at one of the occasions. All participating children reported that the prescribed pain relief helped. No significant differences were seen between the sexes, ages or different surgery types.

Conclusion: A larger study with more responding children, would have given a clearer result. More research is needed in this area. The nurses have to improve their usage of pain measurement instruments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, pain, surgery, postoperative, pain measurement
Keyword [sv]
Barn, smärta, operation, postoperativt, smärtskattning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-215989OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-215989DiVA: diva2:689026
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Available from: 2014-01-21 Created: 2014-01-17 Last updated: 2014-01-21Bibliographically approved

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