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Psykopaten i garderoben: En queer läsning av Bret Easton Ellis American Psycho
Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education. (Litteraturvetenskap)
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The novel American Psycho was first published in 1991. It recieved harsh criticism and was viewed as a work of heterosexism, misogyny and pointless violence. Despite the criticism, the protagonist, a wealthy serial killer yuppie namned Patrick Bateman, fascinated the readers. He hides his monstrosity behind a façade of heteronormativity, but this essay shows that the norms in American Psycho are fragile. Batemans relationships are shallow, his identity is constructed out of traditional masculinitynorms and even though he’s homophobic there’s a homoerotic undertone in the text, as well as gothic patterns that give the novel a fair amount of queerness too. This analysis shows that the fear of AIDS, imprinted in the text, works as a representation for Bateman’s discrepancy concerning his sexuality. It brings to light that Bateman’s feelings towards two of his collegues are charachterized by homoerotic yearnings, and that shallow readings, where the text is not interpreted, allows the brutal violence to divert attention from the novel’s queer meaning.

Abstract [sv]

Romanen American Psycho publicerades 1991. Den fick hård kritik och sågs som ett heterosexistiskt, misogynt verk fullt av meningslöst våld. Trots kritiken fascinerade protagonisten, den förmögna seriemördaryuppien Patrick Bateman, läsarna. Bateman döljer sin monstrositet bakom en heteronormativ fasad men den här uppsatsen visar att textens heteronorm är bräcklig. Batemans relationer är ytliga, identiteten är konstruerad från traditionella maskulinitetsnormer, han är homofobisk, även då gotiska, homoerotiska undertoner präglar texten. Analysen visar att AIDS-skräcken som präglar boken är synonym med Batemans sexualitetsdiskrepans, att hans känslor för två av hans kollegor är av homoerotisk karaktär, samt att i ytliga läsningar av romanen, där texten inte tolkas, gör det explicita våldet att läsarens uppmärksamhet avleds från romanens queera innebörd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 38 p.
Keyword [sv]
American Psycho, Patrick Bateman, Seriemördare, Våld, Bret Easton Ellis, Ytlighet, Djup, Queerteori, Heteronormativitet, Queert läckage, Litterär pornografi, Misogyni, Sadism, Maskulinitet, Homofobi, Gotik, Homosexualitet, Gay cruising, Samkönat begär
National Category
General Literature Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-21456OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-21456DiVA: diva2:688927
Subject / course
Comparative Literature
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-01-20 Created: 2014-01-18 Last updated: 2014-01-20Bibliographically approved

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Psykopaten i garderoben(524 kB)376 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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