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Undersköterskors upplevelser av att handleda sjuksköterskestudenter
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskeprogrammet  vid Uppsala universitet innefattar 49,5 högskolepoäng verksamhetsförlagd utbildning (VFU). I termin 2 har studenterna fyra veckor VFU inom basal omvårdnad och handledes då av undersköterska. Handledning är ett sätt att lära ut och utveckla kompetens och innefattar både teoretiskt och praktiskt kunnande. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka undersköterskornas upplevelser av att handleda sjuksköterskestudenter under deras verksamhetsförlagda utbildning i termin 2 på sjuksköterskeprogrammet. Metod: Kvalitativ intervjustudie med deskriptiv design. Intervjuer med semistrukturerade frågor. Resultat: Analysen av intervjusvaren visade att de handledande undersköterskorna ägnade sig åt en uppgiftscentrerad handledning. Handledarna beskrev att även de själva fått nytta av att vara handledare. Det framkom att viktiga kvalitéer hos handledarna anses vara stöttande, kunna ge en positiv bild av yrket och ta hand om studenterna på ett bra sätt. Handledarna upplevde sig få liten mängd information om studenten innan de träffas, men säger även att det brukade gå bra ändå. Handledarna anpassade handledningen efter studentens tidigare erfarenheter samt personlighet. Studentens inställning och intressenivå påverkade handledningen på flera sätt. Handledarna hade ej fått utbildning i att handleda sjuksköterskestudenter men önskade få detta. Slutsats: Undersköterskorna handledde på ett uppgiftscentrerat sätt men med inslag  av ansvar och pedagogik och anpassade handledningen efter studentens tidigare erfarenheter, kunskaper och personlighet. Handledningen påverkade av studentens inställning. Undersköterskorna önskade mer information om studenten innan de träffas, men sa att det gick bra ändå, vilket kan tolkas som motsägelsefullt. Undersköterskorna hade inte  fått utbildning för att handleda men önskade detta.

Abstract [en]

Background: The nursing programme at Uppsala university includes 49,5 academic points of clinical training. In the second semester students have four weeks of clinical training in basic nursing and were preceptored by an assistant nurse. Preceptoring includes theory and practice in a way to teach and to develope competence. Aim: To examine the assistant nurse's experiences of preceptoring nurse students during their clinical training during their second semester at the nursing programme. Method: Qualitative interview study with descriptive design. Interviews with semi-structured questions. Results: Preceptoring assistant nurses had a task-centered approach to preceptoring. The assistant nurses themselves had use of being preceptors. Important preceptor qualities were; being supportive, projecting a positive image of the trade and taking care of the students in a good way. The preceptors received little information about the students before meeting them, but said it's okay. The preceptoring was adapted to the student's earlier experience and personality. The student's attitude and level of interest affected the preceptoring. The assistant nurses had not received education to preceptor nurse students. Conclusion: The assistant nurses used a task-centered approach to preceptoring with elements of responsibility and pedagogy. The preceptoring was adapted to the student's earlier experience and personality. The preceptoring was affected by the student's attitude. The assistant nurses wished for more information about the student before they met, but said it was fine anyway, which could be interpreted as contradicting. The assistant nurses had not received any education about preceptoring, but were interested in getting one.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Preceptoring, clinical training, assistant nurse, nurse student
Keyword [sv]
Handledning, Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning, VFU, Undersköterska, Sjuksköterskestudent
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-215583OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-215583DiVA: diva2:687660
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-01-15 Created: 2014-01-15 Last updated: 2014-01-15Bibliographically approved

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