Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Vad skulle en likabehandling av transportslagen innebära för näringslivets transportval: exemplifiering för några varuslag och relationer
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
2012 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In CTS Working Paper 2011:14 it is shown that the balance between road, rail and sea transports for long distance freight transports in, to and from Sweden in 2015/16 would shift in favour of road transports. The result follows the prediction that the sea transport costs increase slightly less than rail transport costs if the government gives all modes an equal liability for external costs and applies the same funding model for all modes. The current report analyses based on a literature review and interviews with shippers how the changed transport costs would influence mode choice. It is shown that the companies are price sensitive, independently of the mode of transport. The transport costs (per tonkm) for sea and rail are low when economies of scale are realised. But there is a trade-off between low transport costs and high frequencies. Transport chains that make use of economies of scale for sea and rail transports often contrast to “small scale chains” that go via the nearest port. The role of the forwarders is crucial when it comes to transport solutions that affect several shippers as consolidation of goods volumes or usage of unbalanced flows. Preferences to change to other modes differ between different sectors and between inbound and outbound transports etc. The overall picture is that shippers and forwarders’ preference to use sea transports instead of land transports is limited. The existence of economies of scale in different parts of the transport system and the shippers’ demand of many departures can be seen as hinder for small scale sea transports through the many ports on the Swedish coastline.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: CTS , 2012.
CTS Working Paper, 2012:20
Keyword [en]
Transport mode, cost, external effect, competetion, road transport, rail bound transport, maritime transport, freight transport, transport operator, modal choice
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, Road: Freight transport; Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, Railway: Freight transport; SAB, Ships and shipping
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6617OAI: diva2:686236
Available from: 2014-01-10 Created: 2014-01-10 Last updated: 2014-03-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(429 kB)252 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 429 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Vierth, Inge
By organisation
Transport economics Stockholm
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 252 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 44 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link