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Process skill rather than motor skill seems to be a predictor of costs for rehabilitation after a stroke in working age: a longitudinal study with a 1 year follow up post discharge
Rehabiliteringsmedicin, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs Universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2194-6773
Rehabiliteringsmedicin, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs Universitet.
2007 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 7 (December), no 209Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: In recent years a number of costs of stroke studies have been conducted based on incidence or prevalence and estimating costs at a given time. As there still is a need for a deeper understanding of factors influencing these costs the aim of this study was to calculate the direct and indirect costs in a younger (<65) sample of stroke patients and to explore factors affecting the costs.

METHODS: Fifty-eight patients included in a study of home rehabilitation and followed for 1 year after discharge from the rehabilitation unit, were interviewed about their use of health care services, assistance, medications and assistive devices. Costs (defined as the cost for society) were calculated. A linear regression of cost and variables of functioning, ability, community integration and health-related quality of life was done.

RESULTS: Inpatient care contributed substantially to the direct cost with a mean length of stay of 92 days. Rehabilitation during the first year constituted of an average of 28 days in day clinics, 38 physiotherapy sessions and 20 occupational therapy sessions. The total direct mean cost was 80 020 euro and the indirect cost 35 129 euro. The direct costs were influenced by the process skill (the ability to plan and perform a given task and to adapt when needed) and presence of aphasia. Indirect costs for informal care giving increased for patients with a lower health-related quality of life as well as a low score on home integration.

CONCLUSION: Costs are high in this group of young (< 65 years) stroke patients compared to other studies, partly due to the length of the stay and partly to loss of productivity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 7 (December), no 209
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-2547DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-7-209PubMedID: 18154643OAI: diva2:684106
Available from: 2014-01-07 Created: 2013-12-17 Last updated: 2014-02-04Bibliographically approved

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