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Vaccination av förskolebarn som inte vill medverka: En kritisk incident studie
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Vaccination of preschoolers who resist vaccination : A Critical Incident study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Vaccination är en av de mest kostnadseffektiva åtgärderna inom sjukvården. Sveriges vaccinationsprogram innefattar tio sjukdomar och barnets femte dos ges vid fem års ålder. Barn i förskoleåldern befinner sig i ett utvecklingsstadium vilket kan försvåra vaccination. Tidigare studier beskriver svårigheter och den stress sjuksköterskor upplever i samband med vaccination av barn, kunskapsbrist finns däremot kring hur barnen bör hanteras. Syftet med studien var att utifrån betydelsefulla händelser beskriva barnhälsovårdssköterskans (BHVsköterskans) erfarenheter och agerande vid vaccination av förskolebarn som inte vill medverka. Studien utgick från kritisk incident teknik (CIT). Datainsamlingen utfördes i ett landsting i södra Sverige där elva BHV-sköterskor intervjuades. Intervjuerna transkriberades och analyserades. Etiska överväganden gjordes utifrån gällande riktlinjer. I resultatet framkom ett huvudområde avseende BHV-sköterskans erfarenheter, BHV-sköterskans observationer vid vaccination. Två huvudområden framkom angående BHV-sköterskans agerande: BHVsköterskan främjar vaccination och BHV-sköterskan beslutar kring genomförande av vaccination. Slutsatser och implikationer visar att interaktion mellan förskolebarn, föräldrar och BHV-sköterskan är viktigt och leder till en delaktighet och positiva erfarenheter av vaccination. Förslag på praktiskt agerande framkommer vilket kan främja och underlätta vaccination av förskolebarn.

Abstract [en]

Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective actions in health care. The program for vaccination in Sweden includes ten diseases and the fifth dose is given when children are five years old. Preschoolers are in a development stage that makes vaccination more difficult. Studies describe the difficulties nurses experience in relation to vaccination of children; lack of knowledge is experienced about procedures to handle the situations. The aim of the study was to describe critical incidents by the Primary Child Health Care (PCHC) nurse’s descriptions and actions during vaccination of preschoolers who resist vaccination. Critical Incident Technique was used during the study. Data collection was made in a county council in the south of Sweden. Eleven PCHC nurses were interviewed. The interviews were transcribed and analysed. Ethical considerations based on current guidelines were made. Results revealed one main area about PCHC nurse’s descriptions: The PCHC nurses observations at vaccination. Two main areas were revealed about PCHC nurse’s actions: The PCHC nurse promotes vaccinations and the PCHC nurse makes a decision about implementation of the vaccinations. Conclusions clarify the importance of interaction between preschoolers, parents and the PCHC nurses leading to participation and positive experiences of vaccination. Suggestions for practical action reveal to promote and facilitate vaccination of preschooler.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Nursing, Vaccination, Child Health Service, Critical Incident Technique, Qualitative Research
Keyword [sv]
Omvårdnad, vaccination, barnhälsovård, kritisk incident teknik, kvalitativ forskning.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-22659OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-22659DiVA: diva2:677498
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-12-11 Created: 2013-12-09 Last updated: 2013-12-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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