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Tillämpning av högpresterande isolering: PIR-isolering - ett effektivt isoleringsmaterial
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Application of high performance insulation : PIR-insulation - an effective insulation material (English)
Abstract [sv]

Högpresterande isolering är en typ av material som finns tillgängligt men inte används på den svenska marknaden i den utsträckning som de bör göra. I denna rapport kommer det högpresterande isoleringsmaterialet PIR att ligga i fokus och det jämförs främst med det traditionella isoleringsmaterialet cellplast men paralleller dras även till mineralullen.

PIR- isoleringen har 40 % bättre värmekonduktivitet än cellplasten och detta innebär att materialet har bättre isoleringsförmåga som bidrar till tunnare konstruktioner. Isoleringen är därför idealiskt att använda för passiv-, lågenergi och nollenergihus. En annan egenskap som utmärker PIR- isoleringen är dess brandegenskaper som uppfyller en högre brandklass än cellplasten, trots att det är ett plastmaterial.

PIR- isoleringen är ett dyrare material, dock sparas pengar in redan vid produktion då fukt- och vindskydd kan uteslutas i en konstruktion. Om högre energikrav ska uppfyllas kan pengar även sparas in på sikt genom lägre energikostnader.

Abstract [en]

High performance insulation is a type of material that is available but has not been used at the Swedish market as it should have. In this rapport the high performance insulation material PIR will be the major subject. This material will be compared to the traditional insulation material cellular plastic; parallels will also be drawn to the mineral fiber.

PIR- insulation has 40 % better thermal conductivity than the cellular plastic and means that the material has a better insulation ability, which leads to a thinner construction. This insulation is therefore ideal for use in passive-, low-energy- and zero-energy houses. Another property that makes PIR- insulation stand out is its fire resistant capacity which fulfill a higher fire class than the cellular plastic, despite that it also is a plastic material.

PIR-insulation is a more expensive material; however, money can be saved during production when moisture and wind protection can be excluded. If a building has a higher energy requirement money can be saved over time trough lower energy costs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
high performance insulation, PIR-insulation, cellular plastic
Keyword [sv]
högpresterande isolering, PIR-isolering, cellplast
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-136821OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-136821DiVA: diva2:677261
External cooperation
SWECO
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Constructional Engineering and Design
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-12-09 Created: 2013-12-09 Last updated: 2013-12-09Bibliographically approved

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